植物分类与资源学报 2012, 34(01) 76-80 DOI:   10.3724/SP.J.1143.2012.11141  ISSN: 2095-0845 CN: 53-1217/Q

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本文关键词相关文章
红雪茶
基源种
濒危物种
本文作者相关文章
牛东玲1
杨崇仁2
PubMed
Article by Niu, D. L. 1
Article by Yang, C. R. 2
红雪茶基源种的鉴定及资源分布
牛东玲1,杨崇仁2
1 宁夏大学生命科学学院,宁夏 银川750021;2 中国科学院昆明植物研究所植物化学与
西部植物资源持续利用国家重点实验室,云南 昆明650201
摘要

本研究通过对红雪茶基源种进行考证,并结合品种鉴定及野外生态调查,结果表明,红雪茶的基源种应为金丝刷(Lethariella cladonioides)和金丝带(L.zahlbruckneri),在这两个种群内,存在化学多态现象。市售的“红雪茶”主要由这两个种的四个化学宗所组成。红雪茶的分布中心主要在藏东南,滇西北及川西地区,目前红雪茶的资源已经受到了极大的破坏,日渐濒危。为加强对野生红雪茶资源的有效保护,提出了开展红雪茶种质资源保护的建议。

关键词 红雪茶   基源种   濒危物种  
Original Species Identification and Geographic Distribution of Hongxuecha
 NIU  Dong-Ling-1, YANG  Chong-Ren-2
1 School of Life Science, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China; 2 State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and
Plant Resources in West China, Chinese Academy of Science, Kunming 650201, China
Abstract:

The textual criticism of original species of Hongxuecha has been made combining species identification and field surveys. The results showed that Hongxuecha had two original species, Lethariella cladonioides and L.zahlbruckneri. There were chemical variability within the two populations. Hongxuecha in the market sales included four chemical races of the two species. The distribution center of Hongxuecha was mainly in the southeastern Tibet, western Sichuan and northwestern Yunnan. Currently, Hongxuecha resources have been greatly damaged and species are facing extinction. To enhance effective protection for wild hongxuecha resources, some proposals were presented.

Keywords:  Hongxuecha   Original species   Endangered species  
收稿日期 2011-10-13 修回日期  网络版发布日期 2011-12-21 
DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2012.11141
基金项目:

国家自然科学基金(30670011)

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参考文献:

中国科学院西北高原生物研究所编著, 1991. 藏药志[M]. 青海: 青海人民出版社, 443—446
Krog H, 1976. Lethariella and Protousnea, two new lichen genera in Parmeliaceae[J]. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 23: 83—106
Niu DL, Wang LS, Zhang YJ et al., 2007. A chemotaxonomic study of Lethariella zahlbruckneri and L.smithii (lichenized Ascomycota: Parmeliaceae) from Hengduanshan Mountains[J]. The Lichenologist, 39: 549—553
Niu DL, Harada H, Wang LS et al., 2011. Chemotaxonomic study of the Lethariella cladonioides complex (lichenized Ascomycota, Parmeliaceae) [J]. The Lichenologist, 43 (3): 1—11
Obermayer W, 1997. Studies on Lethariella with special emphasis on the chemistry of the subgenus Chlorea[J]. Bibliotheca Lichenologica, 68: 45—66
Obermayer W, 2001. On the identity of Lethariella sinensis Wei & Jiang, with new reports of Tibetan Lethariella species[J]. Bibliotheca Lichenilogica, 78: 321—326
Parfionovitch Y, Dorje G, Meyer F, 1992. Tibetan Medical Paintings[M]. London: Serindia Publications, 1: 67—67; 2: 223—224
Wei JC (魏江春), Jiang YM (姜玉梅), 1982. New materials for lichen flora from Tibet[J]. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica (植物分类学报), 20 (4): 496—501

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