植物多样性 2018, 40(04) 189-195 DOI:   10.1016/j.pld.2018.06.006  ISSN: 2095-0845 CN: 53-1217/Q

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Rice
Maize
Herbivores
Secondary metabolites
R genes
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PubMed
Current understanding of maize and rice defense against insect herbivores
Jinfeng Qi, Saif ul Malook, Guojing Shen, Lei Gao, Cuiping Zhang, Jing Li, Jingxiong Zhang, Lei Wang, Jianqiang Wu
Department of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Yunnan Key Laboratory for Wild Plant Resources, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
摘要

Plants have sophisticated defense systems to fend off insect herbivores. How plants defend against herbivores in dicotyledonous plants, such as Arabidopsis and tobacco, have been relatively well studied, yet little is known about the defense responses in monocotyledons. Here, we review the current understanding of rice (Oryza sativa) and maize (Zea mays) defense against insects. In rice and maize, elicitors derived from insect herbivore oral secretions or oviposition fluids activate phytohormone signaling, and transcriptomic changes mediated mainly by transcription factors lead to accumulation of defense-related secondary metabolites. Direct defenses, such as trypsin protein inhibitors in rice and benzoxazinoids in maize, have anti-digestive or toxic effects on insect herbivores. Herbivory-induced plant volatiles, such as terpenes, are indirect defenses, which attract the natural enemies of herbivores. R gene-mediated defenses against herbivores are also discussed.

关键词 Rice   Maize   Herbivores   Secondary metabolites   R genes  
Current understanding of maize and rice defense against insect herbivores
Jinfeng Qi, Saif ul Malook, Guojing Shen, Lei Gao, Cuiping Zhang, Jing Li, Jingxiong Zhang, Lei Wang, Jianqiang Wu
Department of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Yunnan Key Laboratory for Wild Plant Resources, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
Abstract:

Plants have sophisticated defense systems to fend off insect herbivores. How plants defend against herbivores in dicotyledonous plants, such as Arabidopsis and tobacco, have been relatively well studied, yet little is known about the defense responses in monocotyledons. Here, we review the current understanding of rice (Oryza sativa) and maize (Zea mays) defense against insects. In rice and maize, elicitors derived from insect herbivore oral secretions or oviposition fluids activate phytohormone signaling, and transcriptomic changes mediated mainly by transcription factors lead to accumulation of defense-related secondary metabolites. Direct defenses, such as trypsin protein inhibitors in rice and benzoxazinoids in maize, have anti-digestive or toxic effects on insect herbivores. Herbivory-induced plant volatiles, such as terpenes, are indirect defenses, which attract the natural enemies of herbivores. R gene-mediated defenses against herbivores are also discussed.

Keywords: Rice   Maize   Herbivores   Secondary metabolites   R genes  
收稿日期 2018-04-13 修回日期 2018-06-28 网络版发布日期  
DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2018.06.006
基金项目:

The Wu lab is partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31772179, U1502263, 31600213, 31470369, and 31770301).

通讯作者: Jianqiang Wu
作者简介:
作者Email: wujianqiang@mail.kib.ac.cn

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