植物多样性 2017, 39(05) 273-286 DOI:   10.1016/j.pld.2017.10.001  ISSN: 2096-2703 CN: 53-1233

本期目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索                                                            [打印本页]   [关闭]
研究论文
扩展功能
本文信息
Supporting info
PDF(1757KB)
[HTML全文]
参考文献[PDF]
参考文献
服务与反馈
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
引用本文
Email Alert
文章反馈
浏览反馈信息
本文关键词相关文章
Elevational gradient
Soil seed bank
Standing vegetation
Subalpine forest
Subtropical forest
Tropical forest
本文作者相关文章
PubMed
Soil seed banks along elevational gradients in tropical, subtropical and subalpine forests in Yunnan Province, southwest China
Xiaqin Luoa,b, Min Caoa, Min Zhanga, Xiaoyang Songa,b, Jieqiong Lia, Akihiro Nakamuraa, Roger Kitchingc
a Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 666303, Yunnan, China;
b University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049, Beijing, China;
c Griffith School of Environment and Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Nathan QLD 4111, Brisbane, Australia
摘要: Soil seed banks are a vital part of ecosystems and influence community dynamics and regeneration. Although soil seed banks in different habitats have been reported, how soil seed banks vary with elevational gradients in different climatic zones is still unknown. This paper investigates seed density, species composition and nonconstituent species of forest soil seed banks in Yunnan Province, southwest China. Similarity between the soil seed bank and standing vegetation was also examined. We collected soil samples from sites spanning 12 elevations in tropical rain forests, subtropical evergreen broadleaved forests and subalpine coniferous forests, and transported them to a glasshouse for germination trials for species identification. The soil seed banks of tropical and subtropical forests had much higher seed densities and species richness than those of subalpine forests. Seeds of woody species dominated the soil seed banks of tropical and subtropical forests, while herbs dominated those of subalpine forests. The nonconstituent species in the soil seed banks were all herbs and were most abundant in tropical forests, followed by subtropical forests but were completely absent from subalpine forests.
关键词 Elevational gradient   Soil seed bank   Standing vegetation   Subalpine forest   Subtropical forest   Tropical forest  
Soil seed banks along elevational gradients in tropical, subtropical and subalpine forests in Yunnan Province, southwest China
Xiaqin Luoa,b, Min Caoa, Min Zhanga, Xiaoyang Songa,b, Jieqiong Lia, Akihiro Nakamuraa, Roger Kitchingc
a Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 666303, Yunnan, China;
b University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049, Beijing, China;
c Griffith School of Environment and Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Nathan QLD 4111, Brisbane, Australia
Abstract: Soil seed banks are a vital part of ecosystems and influence community dynamics and regeneration. Although soil seed banks in different habitats have been reported, how soil seed banks vary with elevational gradients in different climatic zones is still unknown. This paper investigates seed density, species composition and nonconstituent species of forest soil seed banks in Yunnan Province, southwest China. Similarity between the soil seed bank and standing vegetation was also examined. We collected soil samples from sites spanning 12 elevations in tropical rain forests, subtropical evergreen broadleaved forests and subalpine coniferous forests, and transported them to a glasshouse for germination trials for species identification. The soil seed banks of tropical and subtropical forests had much higher seed densities and species richness than those of subalpine forests. Seeds of woody species dominated the soil seed banks of tropical and subtropical forests, while herbs dominated those of subalpine forests. The nonconstituent species in the soil seed banks were all herbs and were most abundant in tropical forests, followed by subtropical forests but were completely absent from subalpine forests.
Keywords: Elevational gradient   Soil seed bank   Standing vegetation   Subalpine forest   Subtropical forest   Tropical forest  
收稿日期 2017-03-03 修回日期 2017-10-12 网络版发布日期  
DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2017.10.001
基金项目:

通讯作者: Min Cao,E-mail address:caom@xtbg.ac.cn
作者简介:
作者Email: caom@xtbg.ac.cn

参考文献:
Amiaud, B., Touzard, B., 2004. The relationships between soil seed bank aboveground vegetation and disturbances in old embanked marshlands of western France. Flora 199, 25-35.
An, S.Q., Lin, X.Y., Hong, B.G., 1996. A preliminary study on the soil seed banks of dominant vegetation forms on Baohua Mountain. Acta Phytoecol. Sin. 20, 41-50.
Baker, H.G., 1974. The evolution of weeds. Annu. Ecol. Syst. 5, 1-24.
Bakker, J., Bakker, E., Rosén, E., Verweij, G., Bekker, R., 1996. Soil seed bank composition along a gradient from dry alvaro grassland to Juniperus shrubland.J. Veg. Sci. 7, 165-176.
Cao, M., Tang, Y., Zhang, J.H., Sheng, C.Y., 2000a. Storage and dominants in soil seed banks under the tropical forests of Xishuangbana. Acta Bot. Yunnanica 19, 177-183.
Cao, M., Tang, Y., Sheng, C.Y., Zhang, J.H., 2000b. Viable seeds buried in the tropical forest soils of Xishuangbanna, SW China. Seed Sci. Res. 10, 255-264.
Cao, M., Zhang, J.H., Feng, Z.L., Deng, J.W., Deng, X.B., 1996. Tree species composition of a seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Trop. Ecol. 37, 183-192.
Cao, M., Zou, X.M., Warren, M., Zhu, H., 2006. Tropical forests of Xishuangbanna, China. Biotropica 38, 306-309.
Davies, A., Waite, S., 1998. The persistence of calcareous grassland species in the soil seed bank under developing and established scrub. Plant Ecol. 136, 27-39.
Editing Committee of Flora of China, 1999. Flora China, 77, 304.
Erfanzadeh, R., Garbutt, A., Pétillon, J., Maelfait, J.P., Hoffmann, M., 2010. Factors affecting the success of early salt-marsh colonizers: seed availability rather than site suitability and dispersal traits. Plant Ecol. 206, 335-347.
Erfanzadeh, R., Kahnuj, S.H.H., Azarnivand, H., Pétillon, J., 2013. Comparison of soil seed banks of habitats distributed along an altitudinal gradient in northern Iran.Flora 208, 312-320.
Esmailzadeh, O., Hosseini, S.M., Tabari, M., Baskin, C.C., Asadi, H., 2011. Persistent soil seed banks and floristic diversity in Fagus orientalis forest communities in the Hyrcanian vegetation region of Iran. Flora 206, 365-372.
Funes, G., Basconcelo, S., Diaz, S., Cabido, M., 2001. Edaphic patchiness influences grassland regeneration from the soil seed-bank in mountain grasslands of central Argentina. Austral Ecol. 26, 205-212.
Funes, G., Basconcelo, S., Díaz, S., Cabido, M., 2003. Seed bank dynamics in talltussock grasslands along an altitudinal gradient. J. Veg. Sci. 14, 253-258.
Garwood, N.C., 1989. Tropical soil seed banks: a review. In: Leck, M.A., Parker, V.T., Simpson, R.L. (Eds.), Ecology of Soil Seed Banks. Acad. Press Inc., San Diego, pp. 149-209.
Gross-Camp, N., Kaplin, B.A., 2005. Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) seed dispersal in an afromontane forest: microhabitat influences on the postdispersal fate of large seeds. Biotropica 37, 641-649.
Hill, M.O., Stevens, P.A., 1981. The density of viable seed in soils of forest plantations in upland Britain. J. Ecol. 69, 693-709.
Hopfensperger, K.N., 2007. A review of similarity between seed bank and standing vegetation across ecosystems. Oikos 116, 1438-1448.
Huang, Z.L., Kong, G.H., Wei, P., Wang, J.H., Huang, Y.J., Zhang, Y.C., 1996. A study on the soil seed banks at the different succession stages of south subtropical forests. Chin. J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 4, 42-49.
Jalili, A., Hamzeh'ee, B., Asri, Y., Shirvany, A., Yazdani, S., Khoshnevis, M., Zarrinkamar, F., Ghahramani, M.A., Safavi, R., Shaw, S., 2003. Soil seed banks in the Arasbaran Protected Area of Iran and their significance for conservation management. Biol. Conserv. 109, 425-431.
Keylock, C.J., 2005. Simpson diversity and the ShannoneWiener index as special cases of a generalized entropy. Oikos 109, 203-207.
Lan, G.Y., Zhu, H., Cao, M., Hu, Y.H., Wang, H., Deng, X.B., Zhou, S.S., Cui, J.Y., Huang, J.G., He, Y.C., Liu, L.Y., Xu, H.L., Song, J.P., 2009. Spatial dispersion patterns of trees in a tropical rainforest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Ecol. Res. 24, 1117-1124.
Legendre, P., Legendre, L., 1998. Numerical Ecology. Elsevier, New York.
Li, H.D., Pan, C.D., Zhang, G.,L., Wang, B., 2012. Distributing patterns of soil seed bank of Picea schrenkiana forests along the altitudinal gradient in the central section of Tianshan Mountains, Xinjiang. Xinjiang Agri. Sci. 49, 1373-1380.
Li, X.S., Liu, W.Y., Tang, C.Q., 2010. The role of the soil seed and seedling bank in the regeneration of diverse plant communities in the subtropical Ailao Mountains, Southwest China. Ecol. Res. 25, 1171-1182.
Li, Y.L., Cui, J.Y., Zhao, X.Y., Zhao, H.L., 2004. Floristic composition of vegetation and the soil seed bank in different types of dunes of Kerqin steppe. Arid. Land Res.Manag. 18, 283-293.
Lin, L.X., Cao, M., 2009. Edge effects on soil seed banks and understory vegetation in subtropical and tropical forests in Yunnan, SW China. For. Ecol. Manag. 257, 1344-1352.
Lin, L.X., Cao, M., He, Y.T., Baskin, J.M., Baskin, C.C., 2006. Nonconstituent species in soil seed banks as indicators of anthropogenic disturbance in forest fragments.Can. J. For. Res. 36, 2300-2316.
Liu, L.H., Xie, S.C., Zhang, J.H., 1985. Study on the distribution, harmfulness and control of Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng. Acta Ecol. Sin. 5, 1-6.
Liu, Q., Wu, Y., Pang, X.Y., 2002. Issues of degradation and evaluation of subalpine coniferous forest ecosystem. In: Liu, Q., Wu, Y., Chen, Q.H. (Eds.), Ecological Research on Subalpine Coniferous Forests in China. Sichuan Univ. Press, Chengdu, pp. 247-269.
Magurran, A.E., 1988. Ecological Diversity and Measurement. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.
Milberg, P., 1995. Soil seed bank after eighteen years of succession from grassland to forest. Oikos 72, 3-13.
Niu, H.W., He, Y.Q., Zhu, G.F., Xin, H.J., Du, J.K., Pu, T., Lu, X.X., Zhao, G.Y., 2013.Environmental implications of the snow chemistry from Mt. Yulong, southeastern Tibetan Plateau. Quat. Int. 313, 168-178.
Olano, J.M., Caballero, I., Laskurain, N.A., Loidi, J., Escudero, A., 2002. Seed bank spatial pattern in a temperate secondary forest. J. Veg. Sci. 13, 775-784.
Ortega, M., Levassor, C., Peco, B., 1997. Seasonal dynamics of Mediterranean pasture seed banks along environmental gradients. J. Biogeogr. 24, 177-195.
Pei, Y.H., Yang, D.J., Geng, Y.F., Shi, H.F., 2012. Study on soil seed bank characteristics of vegetation in Shangrila subalpine of northwest Yunnan under different degraded degrees. J. West Chin. For. Sci. 41, 56-61.
Perera, G., 2005. Spatial heterogeneity of the soil seed bank in the tropical semideciduous forest at Wasgomuwa National Park, Sri Lanka. Trop. Ecol. 46, 79-90.
Richards, P.W., 1996. The Tropical Rain Forest, second ed. Camb. Univ. Press, Cambridge.
Shen, Y.X., Liu, W.Y., Baskin, J.M., Baskin, C.C., Cao, M., 2006. Persistent soil seed banks of the globally significant invasive species, Eupatorium adenophorum, in Yunnan Province, south-western China. Seed Sci. Res. 16, 157-162.
Song, X.Y., Hogan, J.A., Brown, C., Cao, M., Yang, J., 2017. Snow damage to the canopy facilitates alien weed invasion in a subtropical montane primary forest in southwestern China. For. Ecol. Manag. 391, 275-281.
Sørensen, T., 1948. A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content and its application to analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons. Biol. Skr. 5, 1-34.
Swaine, M.D., Whitmore, T.C., 1988. On the definition of ecological species groups in tropical rain forests. Vegetatio 75, 81-86.
Tang, Y., Cao, M., Fu, X., 2006. Soil seedbank in a dipterocarp rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Biotropica 38, 328-333.
Tang, Y., Cao, M., Zhang, H., Sheng, C., 1999. The relationship between soil seed banks and aboveground vegetation in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Chin. J.Appl. Ecol. 10, 279-282.
Thompson, K., Bakker, J.P., Bekker, R.M., Hodgson, J.G., 1998. Ecological correlates of seed persistence in soil in the northwest European flora. J. Ecol. 86, 163-169.
Villiers, A.J.D., Rooyen, M.W.V., Theron, G.K., 2003. Similarity between the soil seed bank and the standing vegetation in the Strandveld Succulent Karoo, South Africa. Land Degrad. Devel 14, 527-540.
Wang, B.R., Zhu, X., Yang, S.H., 2001. Application of RS technique to the study of vegetation mapping in the Yulong snow mountain, Lijiang, Yunnan. Chin. J. Ecol. 20 (l), 39-41.
Wei, S.G., Li, L., Huang, Z.L., Peng, S.J., Shi, J.H., 2005. Study on the dynamic of seed bank of Dinghushan forest soil. Ecol. Environ. 14, 917-920.
Welling, P., Tolvanen, A., Laine, K., 2015. The alpine soil seed bank in relation to field seedlings and standing vegetation in subarctic Finland. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res. 36, 229-238.
Whitmore, T.C., 1982. On pattern and process in forest. In: Newman, E.I. (Ed.), The Plant Community as a Working Mechanism. Blackwell Sci. Publ., Oxford, pp. 45-60.
Whitmore, T.C., 1989. Canopy gaps and the two major groups of forest trees. Ecology 70, 536-538.
Whitmore, T.C., 1990. An Introduction to Tropical Rain Forests. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Willems, J., Bik, L., 1998. Restoration of high species density in calcareous grassland:the role of seed rain and soil seed bank. Appl. Veg. Sci. 1, 91-100.
Wu, Z.Y., Zhu, Y.C., Jiang, H.Q., 1987. The Vegetation of Yunnan. Science Press, Beijing.
Xiong, L.M., Zhong, Z.C., Li, X.G., 1992. A preliminary study on the soil seed banks of different successional stages of subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest. Chin.J. Plant Ecol. 16, 249-257.
Yang, X.F., Tang, Y., Cao, M., 2010. Diaspore traits of 145 tree species from a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Acta Bot. Yunn. 32, 367-377.
Yin, H.J., Liu, Q., 2004. Soil seed bank of constructive species Picea asperata of subalpine coniferous forest in western Sichuan, China. Chin. J. Appl. Environ.Biol. 10, 581-584.
Yin, H.J., Liu, Q., 2005. Seed rain and soil seed banks of Picea asperata of subalpine spruce forests, western Sichuan, China. Acta Phytoecol. Sin. 29, 108-115.
Zhang, L., Fang, J.Y., 2004a. Changes in soil seed banks and biodiversity along an altitude gradient in Taibai Mt. Acta Geogr. Sin. 59, 880-888.
Zhang, L., Fang, J.Y., 2004b. Reserves and species diversity of soil seed banks in four types of forest on Mt. Taibai, Qinling Mountains. Biodiv. Sci. 512, 131-136.
Zhang, M., Song, X.Y., 2015. Response of soil seed banks in tropical forests to an elevational gradient. Chin. J. Ecol. 34, 2390-2400.
Zhou, L., Meng, H., Pan, C.D., Zhang, G.L., Wang, B., 2013. Species similarity between soil seed bank and aboveground vegetation in Picea schrenkiana forests in the central part of the Tianshan Mountains, Xinjiang. Xinjiang Agri. Sci. 50, 1235-1245.
Zhu, H., Cao, M., Hu, H.B., 2006. Geological history, flora and vegetation of Xishuangbanna, southern Yunnan. Biotropica 38, 310-317.
本刊中的类似文章

文章评论

Copyright by 植物多样性