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25 August 2000, Volume 22 Issue 04
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  • Articles
    A Cytological Study of Heptacodium miconioides
    ZHANG Zhao-Yang, GU Zhi-Jan, YUE Zhong-Shu 
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2051 )   HTML ( )   PDF (94KB) ( 1285 )   Save
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    Phytoecdysones from Sida szechuensis
    YAO Chun - Suo, XU Yun - Long      
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2598 )   HTML ( )   PDF (120KB) ( 1391 )   Save
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    The genus Sida with about 90 species is distributed widely in the temperate zone in the whole world. Sida szechuensis, which is a perennial, half-shrub found throughout the highland of southwestern China and abundant in resources, i s one of species of Malvaceae. It is used in Chinese traditional medicine for ul cers, furuncle, dysentery and blood stasis through ethnopharmacological explorat ion. Modern pharmacological experiments show that it can inhibit platelet aggreg ation (Xiao et al, 1997). However, to our knowledge, the study on the chemic al constituents of this plant has not been reported as yet. In the course of our search for bioactive natural products, three phytoecdysones, (-ecdysone(1), (-e cdysone (2) and polypodine B (3) were isolated and identified from this herb.
    A New Type of Alkaloid from Goniothalamus cheliensis
    GU Zheng-Bing, LIANG Hua- Qing, CHEN Hai -Sheng,XU Yi -Xin, YANG Gen -Jin, ZHANG Wei -Dong
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2372 )   HTML ( )   PDF (105KB) ( 1449 )   Save
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    The Effect of Some Natural Products on the Fibrinolytic System
    JIA Rui -Rui,TAN Ning -Hua, MU Qing, LI Chao- Ming,QIU Ming-Hua,LIU Jik-Kai
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2215 )   HTML ( )   PDF (94KB) ( 1213 )   Save
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    In the course of a screening for inhibitors of PAI - 1 from natural products with small molecular weight, preliminay "hits" were found from several natural products. Further investigation and selectivity experiments indicated that compound 1 (expoxyrolin B), compound 4 (cherimolin - 2) and compound 6 (damnacanthal) showed some inhibition on plasmin; compound 2 (muricatin C) showed week specific PAI - 1 inhibition activity. Compound 5 (morindone) inhibited thrombin, trypsin and plasmin, compound 7 (16a - hydroxy - cleroda - 4 (18),13 (14) Z-dien-15, 16-olide), compound 8 (hedergenin) and compound 9 (ocetadecanoic acid - 9 - yne) inhibited thrombin and plasmin. This report deals with the re-sults of the effect of several natural products on the fibrinolytic system.
    Oligosaccharide Esters and Phenol Compounds from Polygala arillata
    WU Zhi - Jun. OUYANG Ming -An. YANG Chong - Ren
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2858 )   HTML ( )   PDF (334KB) ( 2024 )   Save
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    From the alcoholic extract of stem bark of Polygala arillata, fifteen compounds including the derivatives of oligosaccharide esters, xanthones, lignans, phenols and aliphatic acids were isolated. Among them, seven new compounds were named as arillanin A (3), B(6), C(7), D(4), E(5), F(8) and G (11), respectively; methyl 1-0-α-L- arabinopyranosyi (6→ 1 ) - β - D - glucopyranosyi salicylate (9) as a new salicylic acid derivative, also first isolated from plants. All structures of isolated compounds were i-dentified by means of spectral data, especially 2 - D NMR experiments.
    Five New Flavonoid Glycosides from Scutellaria amoena
    ZHOU Zhi -Hong, YANG Chong- Ren   
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2894 )   HTML ( )   PDF (200KB) ( 1558 )   Save
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    Five new flavonoid glycosides named as amoenins A - E together with eight known compounds di-hydrobaicalin, chrysin -8-C-β-D- glucopyranoside, chrysin 6-C-β-D- glucopyranosyi - 8 - C -α- L- arabinopyranoside, (trans)-5, 7, 2', 6' - tetrahydroxyflavanonol, 5, 7, 2', 6'-tetra-hy-droxyflavanone, dibutyl phthalate, P- sitosterol and daucosterol, were isolated from the roots of Scutellaria amoena C. H. Wright. The structures of new glycosides were elucidated as 2', 4', 6' - trihydroxydihy-drochalcone 4'- [0-β-D-glalactopyranosyi (l→ 2 )]- 0- β- D- glucopyranoside, 5, 7, 2'- tri-hydroxy - 6 - methoxyflavanone 7-0-β-D- glucuronopyranoside, ( cis ) - 2', 5, 7 - trihydroxyfla-vanonol 3-0-β-D- glucopyranoside, (trans) - 2', 6', 5, 7 - tetrahydroxyflavanonol 3 - 0 - β - D - glucopyranoside and ( cis) - 2', 6', 5, 7 - tetrahydroxyflavanonol 3-0-β-D- glucopyrano - side by based on spectral analysis, respectively.
    Seasonal Ultrastructural Changes of Secondary Phloem Parenchyma Cells in a Tropical Tree, Dalbergia odorifera
    TAN Hai-Yan, HAO Bing-Zhong, WU Ji - Lin  
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2627 )   HTML ( )   PDF (407KB) ( 1203 )   Save
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    The seasonal changes of the ray and phloem parenchyma cells of secondary phloem in terminal branchlets of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen (Papilionaceae), a tropical deciduous tree, were studied by using transmission electron microscopy. The changes were mainly the cyclic alternation of accumulation and ex-haustion of the storage materials including proteins in the central vacuole, the starch grains, lipoid globules and phytoferritin in the plastids, and lipoids in the spherosomes. D. odorifera did not undergo some of the cytological changes which were found in the temperate trees studied and believed to be related with the hardi-ness. Like the stuctures found in temperate trees, in D. odorifera the highly folded plasmalemma and nu-merous small vesicles pinched of by the plasmalemma appeared in the actively reserve - accumulating cells during the leaf- fall period. It was suggested that the structures play a role in translocation of the materials between the cells, while in the temperat trees the structures were considered involving in frost resistance.
    Effects of UV - B Radiation on Seedling Growth of Several Woody Species in the Southern Subtropical Forest
    CHEN Zhang - He, ZHU Su - Qin, LI Shao - Shan, GUO Zhi - Hua, ZHANG De - Ming
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2977 )   HTML ( )   PDF (407KB) ( 1574 )   Save
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    Effects of UV-B radiation (7.2 and 14.4 kJ d-1 m-2) on seedling growth of several woody species in the Southern subtropical forest in Guangdong Province were investigated. The species studied are: Psychotria rubra (Lour.) Poir., Schefflera octophyHa (Lour.) Harms, PitheceHobium clypearia Benth. , Pterospemwm heterophyllum Hance, Sapium discolor Muell. - Arg. and Albizzia lebbeck (L.) Benth. The results demonstrated that the content of photosynthetic pigments of the UV - B treated seedlings was lower than that of the control seedlings. The effect was more significant on content of chlorophylls than that of carotenoids. UV- B radiation markedly lowered net photosynthetic rate, and reduced stomatal conductance and transpiration rate of the seedlings. It also reduced accumulation of dry matter of the seedlings and inhib-ited the formation of root nodules of Albizzia lebbeck seedlings.
    A Study on the Damage of Hg^ Pollutant to the Ultrastructural Changes of Young Leaves of Brasenia schreberi Winter Bud
    SHI Guo - Xin, DU Kai - He, XIE Kai - Bin. DING Xiao - Yu,CHANG Fu - Chen, CHEN Guo - Xiang
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2645 )   HTML ( )   PDF (240KB) ( 1287 )   Save
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    The symptoms of the young leaves and ultrastructural changes of mesophyll cells of Brasenia schreberis winter buds when induced by poisoning of Hg^2+ pollution are reported in this paper. When winter buds were treated with a concentration of Hg 2+ in 5mg/L solution within 15 days, the leaves gradually lost their green color; glandular hairs contracted and twisted and mucilagenous material of the leaves was greatly reduced. The ultrastructural changes of the mesophyll cell showed the disappearance of Golgi apparatus and reduction of ribosomes with integration of mitochondria. Increasing of Hg2+ concentration on the same days of treatment as above, caused changes in the ultrastucture of the cells. It showed contraction of plasmalemma and snap of plasmodesmata, nucleolus broke into several parts, chloroplasts swelled and thylakoids disinte-grated. When winter buds were treated with concentration of Hg2+ increased to 15mg/L, the nucleus of cell broke down and cells died. According to our observation, the lethal concentration of Hg2+ to the winter bud of B. schreberi ranges from 2.5 to 5mg/L.
    Karyomorphology of 4 species in Sinacalia and Parasenecio (Asteraceae:Senecioneae)
    LIU Jian-Quan
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2688 )   HTML ( )   PDF (155KB) ( 1253 )   Save
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    Investigated in the present work was the karyomorphology of 6 populations of 4 species in Sinacalia and Parasencio. The interphase nuclei were categorized to be the complex chromocenter type, and the mitotic prophase chromosomes were classified as the imterstitial type in all 4 species. The karyotypes of 2 populations of Sinacalia tangutica were formulated as 2n=60=44m+16sm(4SAT) and =60=42m+18sm (2SAT)respectively. The karyotypes of 3 species of Parasencio were found to be; 2n=60=50+10sm for P.latipes, 2n=60=50m+10sm(2SAT)for P.roborowskii and 2n=60=44m+16sm (2SAT)and 2n=60=44m+16sm for 2 populations of P.deltophylla. All karyotypes were classified as the 2A type. Sinacalia and Parasenecio are distinctly distinguishable in the gross-morphology, but their karyotypes are similar to each other.
    The Development of Embryo and Endosperm and the Accumulation of Storage Reserves in Fagopyrum esculentwn
    GAO Xin-Qi. XI Xiang - Yuan   
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2834 )   HTML ( )   PDF (389KB) ( 1509 )   Save
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    When the embryo is proembryo in buckwheat ( Fagopyrum escidentum Moench.), the endosperm is free nuclear. When the embryo is at late globular stage, the endosperm starts to cellularize. When the embryo is heart shaped, the "open cells" of the endosperm are formed in the middle part of the embryo sac. At the stage of torpedo shaped embryo, many layers of endosperm cells in the middle part of embryo sac can be observed. The embryo is at cotyledon - curved stage and the chalazal endosperm haustorium, a trans-fer cell, is formed. The initial anticlinal walls of endosperm come from the freely growing wall and from the cell plates.
    Niche Breadths and Overlaps of Dominant Species of Lithocarpus xylocarpus Community in Ailao Mountains, Yunnan, China
    ZHANG Guang - Ming, XIE Shou - Chang       
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2543 )   HTML ( )   PDF (301KB) ( 1501 )   Save
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    Niche breadths and overlaps of 8 dominant species of Lithocarpus xylocarpus community in Ailao mountain area were researched in the present paper, and the results indicated that the community is co -dominated by Lithocarpus xylocarpus, Castanopsis wattii, Schima noronhae, and Lithocarpus chintungensis. Their niche breadth values were 0.8732, 0.7856, 0.6742. and 0.5798. respectively. Species pairs which had more similar biological and ecological properties in the mean time possess bigger niche overlap value rel-atively. For example. " Lithocarpus xyhcarpus + Castanopsis wattii" and " Schima noronhae + Hartia sinensis". Also the importance and position of Schima noronhae in the community should not be overlooked. This proposition was deduced from the fact that it had the higher niche breadth value and showed the higher niche overlap value with most of the other tree species, L. chintungensis was in an opposite situation. It usually acted as the dominant species in some special microhabitat. We used a comparative approach and a numerical analysis to study the various calculating methods of niche breadth and overlap. It should also be noted that stability of the plant community should be an important characteristic that is co - dominated by species with relatively high niche breadth means, and niche overlap exist in most species pairs of one com-munity ought to be a common characteristic of co - dominated communities.
    Study on the Relationships between Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza and the Systematic Evolution of Pteridophyte
    ZHAO Zhi - Wei          
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2746 )   HTML ( )   PDF (108KB) ( 1395 )   Save
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    The mycorrhizal states of 256 species of pteridophytes which are naturally distributed in the tropi-cal and subtropical areas of Yunnan (Southwest China) were surveyed . It was found that the percentage of vesicular arbuscular mycotrophic associated with pteridophytes are lower than the angiospenns. The evolu-tionary trend offilicineae may be from rnvcotrophism to facultative mycotrophism, and at last to autotrophism.
    A New Species of Angiopteris from Guangxi
    HE Zhao - Rong          
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2566 )   HTML ( )   PDF (135KB) ( 1240 )   Save
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    Angiopteris paucinervis W.M.Chu et Z.R.He ex Z.R.He, sp.nov.Species mirabilis, habitu plantae minori A.fokiensis Hieron. similis, sed st ipite sine tuberculo, pinnulis superioribus base rotundo-cuneatis vel cuneatis, inferioribus manifeste redactis, adnatis flabellulatis, sine costis, venulis par allelis ad margines pinnulae, ab ea et aliis congeneris facile distinguitur.......
    New Plants of the Genus Lasianthus (Rubiaceae) From Vietnam
    ZHU Hua           
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2269 )   HTML ( )   PDF (224KB) ( 1385 )   Save
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    Proxima L.chevalieri Pitard, sed foliis minoribus; floribus minoribus; calyc ibus 3~4 mm lognis, lobis 2 mm longis differt. A L.kerrii Craib foliis lanc eolatis apice acuminatis basi cuneatis, nervis lateralibus utrinsecus 9~10; bra cteis inconspicuis; calycibus et corollis villosis differt.......
    Notes on Paphiopedilum concohr and Its Allies
    LIU Zhong - Jian, ZHANG Jian - Yong, XU Xiang - Ming, MA Jing - Hua
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3230 )   HTML ( )   PDF (144KB) ( 1806 )   Save
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    The differences and relationships between Paphiopedilum concolor (Lindl.) Pfitz., P. bellatulum (Rchb. f.) Stein and their allies are discussed; and three new taxa, P. wenshanense Z.J.L iu et J.Y.Zhang from Yunnan and P. concohr var. dahuaense Z.J.Iiu et J.Y.Z hang and P. concohr var. immaculatum Z.J.Uu et J.Y.Zhang from Guangxi, are described.
    Pleiosorbus, a New Genus of Rosaceae from Xizang (Tibet), China
    ZHOU Li-Hua. WU Zheng-Yi
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3008 )   HTML ( )   PDF (230KB) ( 1486 )   Save
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    A new genus Pleiosorbus Lihua Zhou et C.Y.Wu of Rosaceae and its only species P. megacar-pus lihua Zhou et C.Y.Wu from Xizang, China, are described in this paper. On the basis of morphological data analysis, the systematic relationship of this group is discussed.
    Taxonomic Studies on Cotoneaster dammeri (Rosaceae).
    ZHOU Li-Hua, YIN Qing, WU Zheng-Yi  
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2895 )   HTML ( )   PDF (294KB) ( 1370 )   Save
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    On the basis of specimen observations, considering the data of SEM leaf epidermal micromophorl-ogy and cytology, a taxonomic revision on Cotoneaster dcanmeri Schneider was carried out. The results show that: 1. The name of C. dammeri var. radicans Schneider should be reduced to a synonym of C. dammeri Schneider. 2. A new subspecies, C. dammeri ssp. songmingensis C. Y. Wu & Lihua Zhou, is described.
    A Floristic Study on the Seed Plant in Mts. Altay of China
    CHEN Wen- Li, YANG CHANG- You    
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3110 )   HTML ( )   PDF (192KB) ( 1721 )   Save
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    Mts. Altay of China is situated between 85 - 92°E longitude and 46 - 50°N latitude, It is also 450 km long and 80 - 150 km wide. Based on the classification and identification of the specimens that have been collected from mountain region and desert steppe regions of Mts. Altay (China) since the 1950s, four main conclusions were drawn (1) The flora of Mts. Altay is a part of the Forest Flora of Siberia. There are about 94 families, 528 genera, 1 491 species of spermatophytes plants; including 3 families, 6 genera, 15 species of gymnospermae; 91 families, 522 genera, 1 476 species of angiospermae; (2) According to the analysis of the areal - type in genera, the North Temperate areal - type is dominant. The followings are Old World Temperate areal - type, Meditenanea, West Asia to Central Asia areal - type, and Central Asia areal - type. Thus it is obvious that the flora of Mts. Altay is polytopic and temperate in nature; (3) By the analy-sis of life form and ecotype, the hemicryptophytes and mesophytes are absolutely predominant, which is con-sistent with the temperate nature; (3) The floristic elements of Mts. Altay are mainly from Boreal, Old Mediterranean and Autochotonous.
    A Taxonomic Study on Some Commercial Species in the Genus Lactarius (Agaricales) From Yunnan Province, China
    WANG Xiang-Hua        
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2999 )   HTML ( )   PDF (297KB) ( 1647 )   Save
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    Thirteen species of the genus Lactarius sold on rural markets in Yunnan Province, China are re-ported. They are L. camphoratus (Bull.) Fr., L. deliciosus (Fr.) S. F. Groay, L. deterrimus Grg-er, L. ecfunatus Thiers, L. gerardU Peck, L. glyciosmus (Fr.) Fr., L. hatsudake Tanaka, L. hy-grophoroides Berk. et Curt. , L. ponunsis Holland, L. sp., L. subzonarius Hongo, L. vellereus (Fr.) Fr. and L. volemus Fr., which can be divided into six sections according to Singer's system (1962). Their microscopic descriptions and necessary discussion are provided. L. echinatus is new to China. In particu-lar, ten species of Sect. Dapetes recorded in China, namely, L. akahatsu Tanaka, L. deliciosus, L. deterrimus, L. hatsudake, L. indigo (Schw.) Fr., L. laeticolorus (Imai) Imaz., L. salmonicolor Heim et LeClair, L. sanguifluus Fr., L. semisanguifluus Heim et LeClair and L. thyinos Smith are carefully discussed and compared so as to find their major taxonomic characters and to clarify their taxonomic relations.
    Comparison to Floristic Diversity of the Primary and Secondary Humid Evergreen Broad - Leaved Forest in Wawushan National Forest Park of the Southwestern China
    BAO Wei-Kai, LIU Zhao - Guang, LIU Chao-Lu, YUAN Ya-Fu. WANG Ze-Wei
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2666 )   HTML ( )   PDF (209KB) ( 1333 )   Save
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    The largest area of subtropical evergreen broad - leaved forests distributed naturally in southern and southwestern China play an important role in biological diversity and natural environment conservation.However, human - induced disturbances in the last several decades have destroyed most of the valued vege-tation. Diversity loss and environmental degradation have been a serious problem. It has been pressing and difficult work to restore and rehabilitate the evergreen broad - leaved forests. In China, although numerous studies dealing with the artificial rehabilitation have been carried out, the effect on conservation and restora-tion of biological diversity has been found to be ineffective due to restricted tree selection. Few studies have undertaken natural regeneration and floristic diversity restoration.
    A New Species of the Genus Macromitrium (Orthotrichaceae) from Guizhou, China
    XIONG Yuan -Xin          
    2000, 22(04):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2667 )   HTML ( )   PDF (124KB) ( 1043 )   Save
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    There are species of Macromitrium in Guizhou province China. Among them, 2 species are endemic species, M.cavalerier Card & Ther. and M.fortu natii Card & Ther. During a recent re-examination of some Macromitrium specime ns from this region. A taxon closely related to species of the M. ferriei Card & Ther. was found to be different from any known species of Macromitrium and is described here as a new species.......