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25 June 1981, Volume 3 Issue 03
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  • Articles
    THE 0LEANOLIC ACID AND ECHINOCYSTIC AClD FIRM HEMSLEYA MITRATA
    Nie Rui-liN He Ren-yunan Chen Zong-lian
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2559 )   HTML ( )   PDF (125KB) ( 1105 )   Save
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    THE CHANGES 0F THE R0LYSACCHARIDE AND ITS DISTRIBUTION IN THE DEVEVFL0PMENT PROCESS GASTRODIAf ELATA
    Liu Cheng-yun
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3309 )   HTML ( )   PDF (2617KB) ( 1217 )   Save
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    In the deveLopment process of the Gastrodia elata, that the quantity of polysaccharide particles are increases along with the growth of corm and its volume are increase along with the growth of cells, up to the blossom and bear fruit, the quantity of polysaccharide particles are greatly declinesi The polysaccharide accumlate of the cells will be come to the highest eak, when the formation of inflorescence bud of Gastrodia elata and that has more marked distinction then before formation of inflorescence bud and after blossom (P <0.001). Thus, during the formation of inflorescence bud is the suitablest commodity Gastrodia elata harvest.
    NOTES 0N THE CLASSIFICATION AND DISTRIBUTlON OF TERMIT0MYCES FR0M YUNNAN
    Zang Mu
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3921 )   HTML ( )   PDF (2781KB) ( 1082 )   Save
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    It is known that regarding the mushroom, Termitomyces cultivated by termites, there are two species of this genus growing on termites combs in subtropical and tropical regions from China. The termite-growing agaric, Termitomyces albuminosus (Berk.) Heim is distributed widely in different localities from southwards of Yangtze River, especially in Yunnan province. Termitomyces robustus (Beeli) Heim is a typic tropical species, which have recorded from Congo, Kenya and Nigeria of Af- rica by Heim (1951) .                         
    THE PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF SEVERAL MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI---BOLETUS SP.AND SUILLUS GREVILLEI ON THE DAMPING-OFF DISEASE OF SEEDLINGS OF PINUS TABULAEFORMIS
    Kuo Shiu-chien Tang Fei
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3289 )   HTML ( )   PDF (3091KB) ( 1140 )   Save
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    The damping-off disease is one of the most important diseases of pine seedlings in nurseries. By using some chemical fungicides we have effectively controlled this disease, but the soil pollution problem must still be considered. We have found out several ectomycorrhizae, such as Suillus grevillei (Kl.) Sing. and Boletus sp., that may not only promote the growth of pine seed- lings but also protect them from infection of dampinq-off discase.
    REVISIO BOEHMERIAE SINICAE
    Wang Wen-tsai
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3336 )   HTML ( )   PDF (6729KB) ( 1043 )   Save
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    A B.glomerulifera Miq. fOliis brevjus petiolatis oblongis margine minute denticulatis differt. A B.leiophylla W. T. Wang foliis textura tenuioribus brevius petiolatis oblongi5 siccitate nigresceytibus subtus sparse puberulis recedit.
    TAXA N0VA PTERID0PHYT0RUM YUNNANIC0RUM II
    Chu Wei-ming
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3020 )   HTML ( )   PDF (5896KB) ( 1210 )   Save
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    Tota planta ad 2 m alta. Rhizoma erectum,trunciforme, ad 40 cm altum 10 cm diametro;apice paleiie atro-brunneis liheari-fanceolatis marginibus nigris dentichlatisque dense ohtectum, fronidibhs,caespitosis. Stipes lamina brevior, viridis, ad 5 mm dianietro, quadrangulatus, baei paleis persparse obtectus. Lamina oblohgi-ovata, ad 1.5 m longa 1 m lata, bipinnata. Pinnae usque 13-jugae, alternae, paulo ascendentes, apice aouminatae, basi truncatae; inframediales late lanceolatae oblongo-lanceolataeve, petiolis ad 5cm longis, pinnatae. Pinnulae usque 14-jugae, lanceolatae oblongo -lanceolataeve, ad 10 cm longae 3 cm latae, aduminatae, basi truncatae, pinnatilobatae vel inciso-crenatae, inferiores petiolalatae.
    SOME NEW TAXA OF AQUFOLIACEAE AND CELASTRACEAE FROM XIZANG
    Li Ya-ru
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3075 )   HTML ( )   PDF (2309KB) ( 1233 )   Save
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    Species affinis I.tephrophyllae (Loesen.) S. Y. Hu, sed foliis 4- 6 cm latis, fructuum pediceliis 1 mm longis, stigmatibus capitatis differt. Arbor sempervirens, 8 m alta, trunco 20 cm diam; ramulis cillereis,angulosis, glabris, vix lenticellatis; gemmis conicis, glabris. Folia cinereo-viridia, utrinque non nitida, glabra, coriacea, elliptia vel obovato-elliptica, 10-12 cm longa, 4- 5 (- 6 ) cm lata, apice, abrupte longeve acuminata usque ad caudata, basi subrotundata vel late cuneata, costa supra impressa subtus prominente, nervis lateralibus 8-10-jugis utrinque valde conspiccuis elevatis, venulis prominentibus, petioli graciles 1-1.5 cm longi, glabri.
    THE IRIDOID GLUCOSIDES OF MELASMA ARVENSE
    Yang Ren-zhou Zhou Jun
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2462 )   HTML ( )   PDF (246KB) ( 1036 )   Save
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    TWO NEW RECORDED GENERA OF HYPERICACEAE IN YUNNAN PROWNCE 一 Ascyrum L.and Triadenum Raf.
    Li Hsi-wen
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2693 )   HTML ( )   PDF (846KB) ( 1154 )   Save
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    In this paper, the author has reported two genera of Hypericaceae formerly unrecorded in Yunnan provincc. These genera are Ascyrum L.and Triadenum Raf. The former genus is characterized by the 4-merous tepals, The largwe outer sepals and persistent petals.It is represented by Ascyrum filicaule Dyer, Which is a dwarf slender p1ant inhabiting in the mountains NW-Yunnan at altitude 3000-390O m. The latter genus is characterized by the 9 stamens uniting in 3 fascicles and alternating with 3 sterile fascicles,as well as the white or pinkish petals.
    STUDY ON THE PHARMACOL0GICAL ACTIVITY OF TQTAL SAP0NINS FROM PSAMM0SILENE TUNIC0IDES
    Song Lie-chang
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3284 )   HTML ( )   PDF (1752KB) ( 1087 )   Save
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    Subchtaneous injection of total saponins from Psammasilene tunicoides, at a dose of 5 mg/kg, raised the paia threshold significantly (P <0.001) in the expe-riment on mouse by "Hot-Plate" method, as well as significantly lessened the fre- quency of "Writhing" response induced by 0.6%,acetic acid in mice. Psammosilene tunicoides saponins could inhibit the croton oil induced infla- mmation of the ear in mice, and the granuloma caused by cotton.In vitro, Psa- mmosilene tunicoides saponins had a definite inhibitory action on Staphyloco- ccus, Escherichia coll, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Trichoph- yton tonsurans, Trichophyton gypseum, and Sporotrichum schenekii.
    THE TAXONOMY OF CHINESE LYCOPODIACEAE (SEN.LAT.) II
    Ching Ren-chang
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2864 )   HTML ( )   PDF (4945KB) ( 1540 )   Save
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    Species configuratione H. serratae (Thunb. ) Trev. similis, differt multo majore robustioreque, caulibuS usque 30cm.vel ultra altis, 4 mm diametro. lignosis, parte iriferiore decumbentibus, foliis brunneis emortuis vestitis, ramis cum foliis vivis 3-3.5 cm latis; foliis lineari-lanceolatis, 2-2.3 cm longis, 2 mm latis densioribus deflexis, marginibus valde crispatis et dentibus majoribus prpeditis,costis crassibribus praecipue subtus prominente elevatis.
    THE STUDY OF THE CHINESE DRUGS OF UMBELLIFERAE Ⅳ.THE STRUCTURE OF APAENSIN
    Sun Hand-dong Lin Zhong-wen Niu Fang-di Ding Jing-kai
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3156 )   HTML ( )   PDF (809KB) ( 1051 )   Save
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    The ethanol extract of the root of Angelica apaensis Shan et Yuan sp.nov.afforded new furanocoumarin,apaensin(2),C17H16O6,mp.143-145℃,[α]20-D+35°(CHCL3).Structure of (2) was elucidaed as 8-methoxy pabulenol by IR,MS,PMR and CMR.CMR data of pabulenol and 8-methoxy pabulenol were summarized in (1)and (2),respectively.
    CHEMICAL STRUCTURES 0F GLAUCOCALYXIN A AND B
    Xu Yun-long Sun Xi-chang Sun Han-dong Lin Zhong-wen Wang De-zu
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 3225 )   HTML ( )   PDF (1237KB) ( 1023 )   Save
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    Two new diterpenoids having an ent -kaurene-skeleton, glaucocalyxin A and B, have been isolated from the ethereal extract of the leaves of Rabdosia japonica (Burm. f. ) Hara var. glaucocalyx .(Maxim. ) Hara (Labiatae) collected in the Northeast 0f China. Their structures were established (7R, 14R)-ent-7, 14-dihy- droxy -(- ) -kaur-16-en-3, 15-dione (I ) and its 14-monoacetate, (II) by spec- troscopic and chemical evidences, respectively.
    THE STRUCTURES OF TENACIGENIN A,B AND C MEMORY OF PROFESSOR TSAI XI-TAU
    Yang Ren-zhou Yang Tsung-ren Zhou Jun
    1981, 3(03):  1-3. 
    Abstract ( 2862 )   HTML ( )   PDF (2335KB) ( 1267 )   Save
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    Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Wight et Arn. (Chinese name: Tongguang-teng) is a folk medicine for treating trachitis and antitumor in Yunnan. From the crude glucosides of th steme we isolated three new C21-steroidal compounds: tenaci- genin A(1 ), B (2 ) and C (3 ) by treatment with acid and base.