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Plant Diversity ›› 2009, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (06): 520-528.DOI: 10.3724 SP.J.1143.2009.09103

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


庄会富1 , 2 , 王雨华1   

  1. 1 中国科学院昆明植物研究所民族植物学实验室, 云南昆明 650204;
    2 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-25 出版日期:2009-12-25 发布日期:2009-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 王雨华

An Analysis Model for the Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants

ZHUANG Hui-Fu1 , 2 , WANG Yu-Hua1   

  1. 1 Laboratory of Ethnobotany of Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204 , China ;
    2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 , China
  • Received:2009-05-25 Online:2009-12-25 Published:2009-12-25
  • Contact: WANG Yu-Hua

摘要: 在系统分析药用植物资源利用的各方面因素基础上, 以资源利用模式为研究切入点, 提出了一个基于资源利用模式和模式形成路径的分析模型(Pattern-Path Model) , 用于整体分析某一药用体系中植物资源的开发利用水平和发展过程。应用该分析模型对2005 版中国药典使用的药用植物资源(549 种高等植物)进行了分析, 结果表明: 中国药典中应用的药用植物, 其资源利用发展较成熟(供应持续性良好的植物资源占79% , 暂不能持续供应的占21% ) ; 但是资源利用的发展过程不尽合理( 部分植物资源的栽培开展滞后于野生资源的枯竭, 占40%)。该结论与已有定性评价观点相一致, 并量化地体现出资源利用的发展水平和发展过程, 能够推广应用到其他药用体系的资源利用分析, 为药用植物资源的利用管理提供决策依据。

关键词: 药用植物, 资源利用模式, Pattern-Path Model (PPM) , 中华人民共和国药典

Abstract: Based on the analysis of medicinal plants use , we proposed a Pattern-Path Model (PPM) to explore the development process of medicinal plant use . To test this model, 549 medicinal plant species recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2005 version) were analyzed to understand the sustainability of medicinal plants in China . Our results show that among
medicinal plant species in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, 79% are more or less used with sustainable supply, but 21% with unsustainable supply . The current trends of increasing domestication and plantation of medicinal plants are partly promoted by resource scarcity (40% of used species are threatened or being exhausted before plantation prepared) . The conclusions
from PPMquantitative analysis further supported existing practices about resource assessment and cultivation program of medicinal plants in China , so PPM can be applied more to provide bases for resources management decision-making .

Key words: Medicinal plants