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Plant Diversity ›› 2012, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (01): 81-88.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2012.11131

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


 王崇云1, 陈美卿1, 和兆荣1, 彭明春1, 李其阳1, 欧光龙1、2, 郎学东1、3, 党承林1   

  1. 1 云南大学生态学与地植物学研究所,云南 昆明650091; 2 西南林业大学西南地区生物多样性保育国家林业局
    重点实验室,云南 昆明650224;3 中国林业科学研究院资源昆虫研究所,云南 昆明650224
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-09 出版日期:2012-02-25 发布日期:2011-12-12
  • 基金资助:


A Note on a Scleromicrophyllous Evengreen Broadleaved ForestAssociation Olea ferruginea, Pistacia weinmannifolia in Lancang (Upper Mekong) River

 WANG  Chong-Yun-1, CHEN  Mei-Qing-1, HE  Zhao-Rong-1, BANG  Ming-Chun-1, LI  Qi-Yang-1, OU  Guang-Long-1、2, LANG  Xue-Dong-1、3, DANG  Cheng-Lin-1   

  1. 1 Institute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Biodiversity
    Conservation in Southwest China State Forest Administration, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, 650224, China;
    3 Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2011-09-09 Online:2012-02-25 Published:2011-12-12
  • Supported by:



采用法瑞地植物学派的样地调查法记录了澜沧江中上游河谷中一独特的硬叶小叶常绿阔叶林类型——锈鳞木樨榄、清香木群丛。该群丛由南向北分布于1300~1900m的河谷下部,对群落外貌、生活型与生长型、植物种类科属的组成、分布区类型等进行了分析。结果表明:(1) 群落结构简单,物种数平均为18种;(2) 生活型以高位芽植物居多,生长型以草本居多;(3) 群落中计有维管植物116种,隶属于39科,84属;(4) 植物科级、属级水平上均显示出了热带性质,植物区系表现出一定的古老性,反映了与古地中海硬叶小叶林的历史渊源。该植物群丛适应澜沧江干热-干暖河谷气候,分布区域狭窄,是一类值得重点保护和深入研究的植被类型。

关键词: 硬叶常绿阔叶林, 群落外貌, 生活型, 生长型, 植物区系


 An unique scleromicrophyllous evergreen broadleaved community in the valley of Lancang (upper Mekong) River was recorded using the methodology of BraunBlanquet’s relevé. The plant community was nominated by Association Olea ferruginea, Pistacia weinmannifolia. It was mainly happened at altitude 1300m to 1900m above sea level along the river banks. Its physiognomy, life/growth form, and floristic components were summarized, depending fieldcollected releves. The results indicated community structure was relatively simple, with average species number of 18; Phanerophytes were the most common life form, and growth form was dominated by herbs; There were 116 vascular species, 39 families, and 84 genera in 15 relevés; Its flora had a tropical characteristics at family and genus level. This association was supposed to be a relic vegetation of paleomediterrean subtropical vegetation which is characterized by small and scelrophyllous leaves. With growing human impact of dams construction, this plant community type which remains and evolves in a narrow valley were worth of protection and further research.


Key words: Sclerophyllous evergreen broad-leaved forest, Physiognomy, Life form, Growth form, Flora