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Plant Diversity ›› 2008, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (04): 505-509.DOI: 10.3724 SP.J.1143.2008.08090

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 中国科学院昆明植物研究所, 云南昆明 650204
  • 收稿日期:2008-05-12 出版日期:2008-08-25 发布日期:2008-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 裴盛基

Review on Two Decades Development of Ethnobotany in China

PEI Sheng-Ji   

  1. Kunming Institute of Botany , Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204 , China
  • Received:2008-05-12 Online:2008-08-25 Published:2008-08-25
  • Contact: PEI Sheng-Ji

摘要: 对我国民族植物学研究在二十年间的发展进行了简要综述。民族植物学于1896 年诞生于美国,1982 年被引入中国, 1987 年我国第一个民族植物学研究室在中国科学院昆明植物研究所成立, 经过二十年的发展, 我国民族植物学已经形成了自身的研究理论体系、内容、方法和途径, 将民族植物学从基础描述性研究推进到了应用研究, 在植物资源可持续利用、生物多样性保护和农村区域发展协调发展等领域开展研究, 取得了若干进展。本文对昆明植物研究所民族植物学的发展历史, 取得的研究进展与成果, 学科建设和人才培养, 民族植物学的理论创新与发展, 以及推进民族植物学在我国的发展等进行了回顾和简述, 并提出我国民族植物学未来发展三个方面的建议。

关键词: 民族植物学, 中国, 昆明植物研究所, 历史回顾, 研究进展, 学科建设

Abstract: This paper presents and discusses on two decades development history of ethnobotany in China . Ethnobotany appeared as a scientific research subject in 1896 in USA, ethnobotany as discipline to study with in China was begun in
1982; and in 1987 the first ethnobotany research department was established at the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences . After twenty years development, ethnobotany in China has been developed from basic , or desecriptive research into applied phase , immense progress has been made in sustainable plant resource use , biodiversity conservation and rural regional- coordination development . However , ethnobotany as discipline in China is remarkable in establishement of theoretic framework; identification of research areas; methodological development and set-up appropriate approaches for basic and applied ethnobotany . This paper presents and discusses development history of ethnobotany in China ; advances in research and field-site development ; discipline development and training of young scientists; theoretical innovation
and development , and promotion of ethnobotanical research and training in China , which are largely based on the works that have been done and development facts presented at the Kunming Institute of Botany , Chinese Academy of Sciences. Meanwhile suggestions for further development of Chinese ethnobotany in three aspects are proposed in the paper .

Key words: Ethnobotany