Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (06): 837-848.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201515105

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Population Ecological Characteristics of the Rare and Endangered Plant Camellia rhytidophylla from Guizhou

 LIU  Hai-Yan-1, YANG  NAi-Kun-2, JU  Tian-Cai-3   

  1. 1 Guizhou Botanical Garden, Guiyang 550004, China; 2 College of Forestry, Guizhou University,
    Guiyang 550025, China; 3 Guizhou Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Received:2015-06-30 Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-09-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China (31360075, 31560097)


Camellia rhytidophylla is endemic and endangered and with important economic species, from the ⅢD10d in eastern Asia, which distributed at 573-920m in evergreen broadleaved deciduous mixed forest in Luowang river valley of Kaiyang county. So, it is significant to study the population characteristics, conservation and utilization. We took general survey in suspected distribution area about 6 square kilometers, set up plots in dense area, and analyzed the population structure, development and spatial distribution pattern. The results showed that the structure of Crhytidophylla populations were increasing and the proportion of young tree in population was 4638%. The size of population density was young shrubs>middleaged shrubs>adult shrubs. The survival curve of population was DeeveyⅢ model. There were 2 peaks in the Ⅰand Ⅳ ageclasses on the mortality rate curve and disappearance rate curve respectively, then there are 2 troughs in the Ⅲ and Ⅵ age classed at the same time. The spatial distribution pattern of Crhytidophylla significantly differentiated at different stages of development, the young individuals were aggregated at all spatial scales while the middleaged individuals were aggregated at small spatial scales and randomly distributed at larger scales. Differences in the distribution of adult individuals could be attributed to artificial disturbance and habitat heterogeneity. The spatial pattern was not close in different stages of development, which all showed negative or no correlation. The spatial distribution pattern of Crhytidophylla was the interaction of the factors, such as its biological characteristics,habitat heterogeneity, and artificial disturbance, etc.. The key factor limiting population development was low natural reproduction rate; the primary factors causing its endemic distribution mainly included habitat heterogeneity, topographical constraints on seed dispersal and artificial disturbance.

Key words: Camellia rhytidophylla, Endemic plant, Population ecological characteristics, Spatial distribution pattern, Static life table

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