Plant Diversity ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (04): 533-536.doi: 10.7677/ynzwyj201413218

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Near Situ Conservation for Wild Plant Species with Extremely Small Populations

 XU  Zai-Fu-1, GUO  Hui-Jun-2   

  1. 1 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla 666303, China;
    2 Forestry Department of Yunnan Province, Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2013-10-16 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-01-03

Abstract:

Minimum Viable Population (MVP) is the endangered species faced with extinction need prior conservation. A new method of “near situ conservation” has being particularly raised by the Forestry Department of Yunnan Province for conserving Plant Species with Extremely Small Population (PSESP) in China. In accordance with the practices and results of near situ conservation for PSESP and after our study on comparison for growth and adaptation of some state emphasized plant species between near situ and ex situ conservation in recent years, the authors hold that near situ conservation for the plant species faced with extremely high risk of extinction in the wild is more efficient than that of their ex situ conservation. We therefore suggest that the system of near situ conservation need to be constructed as soon as possible, and the high risk extinction mechanism for PSESP need to be urgently studied for selecting the effective conservation methods and adopting scientific measures. Meanwhile, for near situ conservation practices of PSESP, the principles of similarities of climates, habitats and communities must be followed for reducing the investment and raising the conservation effectiveness.

Key words: PSESP (Plant with Extremely Small Populations), High risk extinction mechanism, Near situ conservation, Ecological principles

CLC Number: 

  • Q 948.13