Plant Diversity ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (06): 443-454.DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2020.12.003

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Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants traded in herbal markets of Kahramanmaraş

Seyran Palabaş Uzuna, Cennet Kocab   

  1. a Department of Forest Engineering, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü Imam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey;
    b Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü Imam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey;
  • Received:2020-04-25 Revised:2020-12-14 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-03-03
  • Contact: Seyran Palabaş Uzun

Abstract: Most people in the world still use medicinal plants to treat and prevent disease. In Anatolia, studies have shown that people have used plants for centuries to treat many diseases. Herbal markets play an important role in the supply of medicinal plants and the transmission of cultural heritage. In this study, we investigated the traditional uses of medicinal plants traded in Kahramanmaraş herbal markets. We also analyzed the threats that may arise from the use of medicinal plants and the measures that can be taken to protect these plants. For these purposes, ethnomedicinal data were collected using semistructured and open-ended questionnaires of herbalists and local people. Ethnobotanical indices (e.g., Relative Frequency of Citation, Use Value, Relative Importance, and Informant Consensus Factor) were used to quantify the use and cultural importance of medicinal plants sold at Kahramanmaraş herbal markets. We identified 62 taxa (11 imported) of plants that are used in traditional folk medicines. The top three plant taxa sold per year by herbalists at Kahramanmaraş herbal markets are Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra; 140 kg), Thyme (Thymus sp.; 109 kg), and Carob (Ceratonia siliqua; 106.5 kg). The plant parts and mode of utilization used most are leaves (28 reports) and infusion (36 reports), respectively. The highest ICF value was detected for endocrine system ailments (0.78), and the next highest two values were lymphatic system (0.75) and respiratory system ailments (0.72). We determined that Urtica dioica, G. glabra, Thymus sp., Mentha x piperita have widely traditional uses, with high ethnobotanical index values and use reports. In addition, according to IUCN criteria, 26 of 62 taxa identified in the research are under threat to various degrees on a global scale.

Key words: Medicinal plants, Herbal market, Use value, Informant consensus factor, Turkey