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Plant Diversity ›› 2012, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 239-247.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2012.12030

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


 汤晓辛1、2, 黄双全1   

  1. 1 武汉大学生命科学学院,湖北 武汉430072; 2 贵州师范大学生命科学学院,贵州 贵阳550001
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-12 出版日期:2012-06-25 发布日期:2012-04-12
  • 基金资助:

    国家杰出青年基金项目 (30825005)

Research Progress on Diversity and Variation in Flower Color

 TANG  Xiao-Xin-1、2, HUANG  Shuang-Quan-1   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China;2 School of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
  • Received:2012-03-12 Online:2012-06-25 Published:2012-04-12



关键词: 花色多态性, 传粉者吸引, 植食动物, 系统发育分析


Flower color is extremely diverse not only among flowering plants, but also in different populations and/or individuals of the same species (i.e., flower color polymorphism). There is also color variation within the same or different floral structures. Understanding the formation and maintenance of the diversity of flower color provides a cue to unveil the evolution of flowers. A long standing view considers flower color functioning as visual signal for pollinators, which may facilitate pollen transfer and increase foraging efficiency. Here we introduce four aspects of flower color diversity at interspecific and intraspecific levels, four different methodologies of studying color variation, discuss three hypotheses that explain the color variation. Future studies combining phylogenetic analysis and involving multiple factors including pollinators, herbivores and environments will be much helpful for a better understanding the diversity and evolution of flower color.

Key words: Flower color polymorphism, Pollinator attraction, Herbivores, Phylogenetic analysis