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Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (03): 253-266.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201514179

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

释植物学名中 “Tangut” 一词

 汤彦承, 王锦秀   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室,北京100093
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-30 出版日期:2015-05-25 发布日期:2015-02-16
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金青年基金 (31100266);中国科学院重点部署项目 (特支项目) 《中国生物物种名编制》 (KSZD-EW-TZ-007)

Notes on the Term “Tangut” in Botanical Names

 TANG  Yan-Cheng, WANG  Jin-Xiu   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
  • Received:2014-12-30 Online:2015-05-25 Published:2015-02-16
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金青年基金 (31100266);中国科学院重点部署项目 (特支项目) 《中国生物物种名编制》 (KSZD-EW-TZ-007)


Tangut一词是指我国隋唐时期在西陲众多的羌族部落支系中的一支,称党项羌。到北宋时,党项族逐渐强大,建立西夏王国,自称大夏。本文分析了以Tangut为种加词语干的40余个种的学名,以它们的主模式、后选模式或合模式的分布区为依据并吸取前人的研究结果,划出唐古特区系的范围。本区系的范围,北方以甘肃祁连山南坡为界,最北起自镜铁山,向南一直延至甘肃洮河流域,南方以青海布尔汗布达山和阿尼玛卿山 (积石山) 为界,西起柴达木盆地东缘 (不包括柴达木盆地),东边从洮河向西延伸至四川东北部一小部分,大致为松潘、理县以北地区。我们深知一个植物区系的界定需要考虑许多因素,在这里仅以一些分类群的采集地区为依据是不充分的。但又考虑到本区系包括的范围不大,而收集到分类群达40个之多,我们的分析可以看做是从历史的角度划分植物区范围的探索性尝试。

关键词: 唐古特, 唐古特区系, 唐古特区系范围


Originally Tangut refers to a branch of the Qiang tribe in western China during the Sui and Tang Dynasties, ie. Dangxiang Qiang. Dangxiang Qiang gradually grew stronger in the Northern Song Dynasty, and established the Western Xia regime. They called themselves Daxia. We collected more than 40 botanical names that had the stem “Tangut” in the specific epithets. We analyzed their protologues, determined the collecting localities of their holotypes, lectotypes or syntypes in order to delimitate the geographical range of the Tangut region in floristics. Previous research results on the Tangut region were also considered. We suggested that the north boundary of Tangut region lied at the south slope of the Qilian Mountains (northernmost point at Jingtie Mountain), and then extended southwards through the Tao river reaches, ended at Burgan Buda Mountains and Amen Mountains, the west boundary started from the eastern margin of the Qaida Basin (Qaida Basin not included) and the east boundary extended from the Tao River reaches to northeastern Sichuan, roughly lied at the north of Song pan and Li Xian. We know that much more facts should be considered to deliminate the range of a flora region and it’s not enough to consider only the type localities of some taxa. However, considering the scope of this flora region is not large and we have analyzed more than 40 taxa, our analysis could be regarded as an exploratory attempt to delimitate the boundaries of a flora region from a historical viewpoint.

Key words: Tangut, Tangut region, Range of the Tangut region