Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (01): 79-92.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201514064

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The Vertical Structure and Composition of Homegarden Plants in the Horqin Sandy Land of the Mongols——A case study in the Horqin Juun Garon County of Inner Mongolia

 JIN  Lan-1, HA  Shi-Ba-Gen-2   

  1. 1 School of Life Science, Inner Mongolia University for the Nationalities, Tongliao, Inner Mongolia 028000, China;
    2 Institute of Life Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot 010022, China
  • Received:2014-04-12 Online:2015-01-25 Published:2014-07-10
  • Supported by:

    内蒙古自然科学基金项目 (2012MS0313),内蒙古民族大学科学研究项目 (NMD1126),内蒙古自治区“草原英才”工程专项基金——以内蒙古科尔沁左翼后旗为例


Used the random sampling and recommendation, 30 households of Mongolian in Horqin Juun Garon Country were selected to compare with 10 households of Han nationality which lives in the region of nearby. Forty sampling plots of homegardens were investigated. The results indicates that the perpendicular structure of homegarden plants in Mongolian and Han nationality can be classified to 0-1m, 1-2m, 2-5m, 5-10m, and higher than 10m. The perpendicular structure lower than 5m is predominance in both large and small homegardens. Comparing the cultivation pattern in two nationality, Mongolia still stay in the level of vegetable cultivation which  relaled to the daily life, the plants for view and admire are very few at present. But Han nationality have started attaching importance to the view and admire homegarden plants. Besides, this research applied the software MVSP to analyze the type of homegardens and indacates that the homegarden of Mongolian in Horqin Juun Garon Country have four categories, and Han nationality have three categories. The results indicate that  there are many differences between Mongolian and Han nationality. This is caused by the differences between the two nationalities in traditional farming culture, animal husbandry culture, the area of homegarden, the history of homegarden, the management of homegarden, and the traditional botanical knowledge on plant species utilization.

Key words: Homegarden plants, the vertical structure of homegarden, composition of species, the Mongolian of Horqin Juun Garon Country, Han nationality

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