Plant Diversity ›› 2011, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (01): 19-23.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2011.10216

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Prospects for Chinese Botanical GardensFoundation items: Supported by Chinese Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation

HE Shan-An   

  1. 1 Nanjing Botanical Garden, Nanjing 210014, China; 2 Beijing Botanical Garden, Beijing 100093, China;
    3 Botanical Society of China, Botanical Garden Branch, Beijing 100093, China
  • Online:2011-01-21 Published:2011-04-26
  • Supported by:

    Supported by Chinese Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation


In China, a new period of development in the first decade of the 21st Century with rapid urbanization, was marked by investment in construction of over five billion yuan. At this time of rapid change it is important for botanical gardens to follow three principles, “scientific contents, artistic appearance, and cultural display”, so as not to become public parks. The scientific component is important. It is not necessary for every botanical garden to do basic botanical research but they should all be involved in plant conservation issues, especially ex-situ conservation and keep accurate data on their living collections. Although a heavy responsibility this documentation is the foundation and the bottom line of scientific meaning for a botanical garden. Economic plant research, exploring new resources, was a major contribution of botanical gardens historically and remains important for sustainable cities and the national economy of China. Education and ecotourism are important ways for botanical gardens to serve the public displaying the interesting plant collections to enhance relaxation and well-being. It is reasonable to make income through all activities in a botanical garden but this should not be the major goal. It should be understood botanical gardens are comprehensive and multi-functional bodies determined by science, the arts and culture.

Key words: Botanical garden, Ex-situ conservation, Living collections, Scientific bottom line, Economic plants

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