Plant Diversity ›› 2009, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (S16): 55-61.

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Social and Biotechnological Studies of Wild Edible Mushrooms in Mexico , with Emphasis in the Izta-Popo and Zoquiapan National Parks

Perez-Moreno J ., Martinez-Reyes M. , Lorenzana Fernandez A. ,
Carrasco Hernandez V. , Mendez-Neri M.

  1. Microbiología , Edafología , Colegio de Postgraduados, Km 36 . 5 carr . México-Texcoco , Montecillo, Texcoco , Estado de México , CP 56230 , MEXICO
  • Online:2009-12-25 Published:2009-12-25
  • Contact: Perez-Moreno J.

Abstract: In Mexico , there is an ancestral traditional knowledge related to wild edible mushrooms . Currently , more than 200 species of wild mushrooms are consumed in the country and more than 100 are sold in traditional markets . In this paper, first , the levels of commercialization of wild edible mushrooms in Mexico are analyzed . Then , the species sold in the area of influence of the Izta-Popo and Zoquiapan National Parks, located in Central Mexico and their phenological patterns are presented . Finally , an evaluation of the effect of pine growth under greenhouse conditions and field survival as a result of inoculation with three ectomycorrhizal edible fungi is presented. In the region, more than 100 names are used to denote edible species. The highest numbers of fungal species were recorded in July and August . Ground pileus have been used as a successful source of ectomycorrhizal inoculum . Until now, the best results have been obtained with species of Hebeloma,
Laccaria and Suillus under greenhouse conditions . Evident increases in survival of plants inoculated with a mixture of these species have been recorded under field conditions compared with non- inoculated plants .

Key words: Phenological patterns