Plant Diversity ›› 2009, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (S16): 86-89.

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Potential Problems Associated with the Cultivation and International Trade in Edible Ectomycorrhizal Mushrooms

Hall Ian R. 1 , Zambonelli Alessandra2, Wang Yun3   

  1. 1 Truffles & Mushrooms Ltd , P . O . Box 268 , Dunedin 9054 NEW ZEALAND; 2 Dipartimento di Protezione e Valorizzazione AgroalimentareVia Fanin 40 , I 40127 Bologna , ITALY; 3 New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited Private Bag 4704 , Christchurch , NEW ZEALAND
  • Online:2009-12-25 Published:2009-12-25
  • Contact: Hall Ian R.

Abstract: There is considerable potential for the cultivation of ectomycorrhizal mushrooms in countries that are not traditional producers of edible ectomycorrhizal mushrooms . Those countries that are in the Southern Hemisphere may be able to take advantage of out-of-season Northern Hemisphere markets. For example , they might produce Périgord black truffles
( Tuber melanosporum) at the height of the Northern Hemisphere′s summer tourist season or matsutake ( Tricholoma matsutake) during the Japanese cherry blossom festival . There is also the possibility that Northern Hemisphere countries not noted for exporting ectomycorrhizal mushrooms could cultivate those species that are in short supply elsewhere. For example , China might wish to try and cultivate Caesar′s mushroom ( Amanita caesarea) and supplement dwindling supplies in Europe. However , there are risks in importing novel ectomycorrhizal fungi for research purposes and trade that go far beyond those associated with the importation of fresh saprobic mushrooms raised in factories . This paper discusses these risks
and points to potential hazards countries are exposed to when importing fresh ectomycorrhizal mushrooms or moving them from one part of the country to another .

Key words: Ectomycorrhiza , Pathogens, Management