Plant Diversity ›› 2010, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (05): 435-447.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2010.10096

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The Analysis of Homegarden Plant Diversity at the Mongolian Household Level in Horqin Sandy Land——A Case Study in Horqin Left Wing Real Banner of Inner Mongolia

 JIN  Lan-1, HA  Shi-Ba-Gen-2   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, Inner Mongolia University for the Nationalities,Tongliao 028000, China;
    2 Institute of Life Sciences and Technology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Huhhot 010022, China
  • Received:2010-05-06 Online:2010-10-25 Published:2010-07-26


In order to show the function of agricultural protection of biodiversity at the level of homegarden, comparative analysis was operated between 20 farmer households through random sampling and farmers recommended in Horqin Left Wing Real Banner Tongliao city Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and 10 farmer households of the Han nationality in the neighborhood. Thirty sampling plots of homegardens are investigated. The result indicates there are 100 homegarden plants in Bashou village, 84 in Hariwusu livestock farm, and 87 in Gongjihao village. It involves the cultivated and wild vegetables, fruits, and plants used for ornamental, medicine and forage. The comparative analysis of species richness demonstrates, among these villages the species richness of Bashou village is highest, while Hariwusu livestock farm is lowest. The former village contributes greatly to the conservation of plant biodiversity. These differences result from their respectively different natural conditions, homegarden areas, homegarden history, homegarden management conditions, traditional knowledge and culture understanding of homegarden manager, local farmers and herdsmen on homegarden plants.The homegarden plants from the three investigated villages are cataloged preliminary in the end of the paper.

Key words:  Homegarden plants, Household level, Biodiversity, Horqin left wing real banner

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