It is significant to study the relationships between the distribution of invasive plant and the economic, social, environment conditions of the city/region for controling and preventing invasive plants under the province level. Based on literature consultation, specimens consultation and field survey, used correlation analysis to determine the effects of socialeconomic factors and ecological environmental factors on the distribution of invasive plants in Heilongjiang Province. The results showed that there were 52 invasive plant species in Heilongjiang Province, the invasive plants belonging to 19 families, most invasive plants belonging to Compositae family, less belonging to Amaranthaceae family. Hibiscus trionum and Oenothera erythrosepala were the most frequently invasive plants, most of the 52 species were annuals or twoyear herbage,most of the species originated from the North America and Europe. Most invasive plants were found in Harbin, less were found in Mudanjiang, Qiqihaer and Suihua, least were distributed in Shuangyashan, Daqing and Qitaihe. Total population and production value of the transport, storage and post were the two factors which impact the distribution pattern mostly, while for the density of the invasive plant species, the total land area, and the area of nature reserves were negatively related with the density.