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Plant Diversity ›› 2011, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 547-555.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2011.11018

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


 陈光丽1、2, 周德群1, 杨永平2, 杨雪飞2   

  1. 1 昆明理工大学,云南 昆明650093;2 中国科学院昆明植物研究所资源植物与生物技术重点实验室,云南 昆明650201
  • 收稿日期:2011-01-26 出版日期:2011-10-25 发布日期:2011-07-19
  • 基金资助:


Fruiting Pattern of Tricholoma matsutake and Its Relationship with Meteorological Factors in Yunnan, China

CHEN  Guang-Li-1、2, ZHOU  De-Qun-1, YANG  Yong-Ping-2, YANG  Xue-Fei-2   

  1. 1 Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and
    Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
  • Received:2011-01-26 Online:2011-10-25 Published:2011-07-19
  • Supported by:




关键词: 松茸, 生长模型, 空间分布, 温度, 湿度, 出菇高峰


In Chuxiong Prefecture, Baoshan City and Diqing Prefecture of Southwest China′s Yunnan Province, three study sites were selected and designated to observe and monitor the fruiting pattern of Tricholoma matsutake, and at the same time record the associated meteorological factors such as temperature, precipitation, humidity and soil temperature by installing wireless Vantage Pro 2 weather stations. It was found that the starting dates and peaks of fruiting varied across the study sites. In Yeri Village of Diqing Prefecture, the fruiting started earlier and showed a single condensed peak. In Haitang Village of Baoshan City and Qingcaitang village of Chuxiong Prefecture, however, the fruiting was scattered over a longer period of time and presented 3 fruiting peaks. The growth function (the pileus diameter, stipe diameter and height) of the fruiting bodies followed nonlinear regression models respectively. By analyzing the differences of the meteorological factors in three study sites and the effects of meteorological factors on matsutake fruiting and growth, it was found that high temperatures shortened the survival duration of the fruiting bodies whereas in contrast, the opposite effect was found for humidity. Furthermore, soil temperature may be the most important factor for fruiting initiation.

Key words: Tricholoma matsutake, Growth model, Spatial distribution, Temperature, Humidity, Fruiting peak