Plant Diversity ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (03): 127-134.DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2020.03.004

• Articles •     Next Articles

A new subtribal classification of Arundinarieae (Poaceae, Bambusoideae) with the description of a new genus

Yu-Xiao Zhanga,b, Cen Guob,c, De-Zhu Lib,c   

  1. a Yunnan Academy of Biodiversity, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, Yunnan, 650224, China;
    b Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, 650201, China;
    c Kunming College of Life Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, 650201, China
  • Received:2019-11-15 Revised:2020-03-19 Online:2020-06-25 Published:2020-07-15
  • Contact: De-Zhu Li
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 31430011). We are indebted to Dr. Chao-Nan Fu of the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences for assistance in literature search. Thanks also go to curators of herbaria mentioned in Materials and Methods for their help in specimen examination. We also would like to thank Prof. Lynn G. Clark of Iowa State University, U. S. A. and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive suggestions.

Abstract: A new subtribal classification of the woody bamboo tribe Arundinarieae is proposed based on recent phylogenomic studies. Five subtribes, corresponding to the five major lineages of the ddRAD-seq based phylogenomic trees, are recognised: Arundinariinae (the leptomorph lineage), Ampelocalaminae (the ADH lineage), Gaoligongshaniinae (represented by Gaoligongshania), Hsuehochloinae (represented by Hsuehochloa) and Thamnocalaminae (the pachymorph lineage, i.e., alpine bamboos). Subtribes Ampelocalaminae, Gaoligongshaniinae and Hsuehochloinae are newly established, while the circumscriptions of subtribes Arundinariinae and Thamnocalaminae differ from the traditional classification. Subtribe Arundinariinae also includes those taxa that were previous members of the subtribe Shibataeinae. Thus, among the five redefined subtribes, Arundinariinae is the most heterogenous in terms of morphology. In Arundinarieae, rhizome type has greater implications for classification than other vegetative and reproductive characters at the subtribal level. In addition, the new monotypic genus Ravenochloa is described on the basis of its morphological characteristics and geographical distribution to accommodate the unique phylogenetic entity of Indocalamus wilsonii.

Key words: Ampelocalaminae, Gaoligongshaniinae, Hsuehochloinae, Ravenochloa, Rhizome type, Temperate woody bamboos