Plant Diversity ›› 2010, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (01): 1-13.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1143.2010.09120

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Phylogeny of Camellia sects Longipedicellata, Chrysantha and Longissima (Theaceae) Based on Sequence Data of Four Chloroplast DNA Loci

FANG Wei, YANG JunBo, YANG ShiXiong, LI DeZhu   

  1. Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, China
  • Received:2009-06-16 Online:2010-02-25 Published:2010-02-25
  • Contact: LI DeZhu

Abstract: We focused on the systematic positions and relationships of three sections of Camellia subgenThea of Theaceae, i.e., sect.Longipedicellata, sect.Chrysantha (golden camellias) and sect.Longissima by using four chloroplast DNA regions (rpl16, psbAtrnH, trnLF & rpl32trnL). We sampled 28 species representing four subgenus, 11 sections in Camellia and two outgroups. Combined analyses of chloroplast DNA sequence data sets are performed with the neighborjoining, maximumparsimony and Bayesian inference methods, and the gene trees are constructed. The topologies of gene trees revealed that: 1) sect. Chrysantha is paraphyletic or polyphyletic, containing three parallel lineages and Camellia longipedicellata (type of sectLongipedicellata) nested inside; 2) all four species from Vietnam, together with C. longipedicellata, forming a wellsupported monophyletic clade, which implies the close relationship between sect. Longipedicellata and sect.Chrysantha; and 3) sectLongissima is not monophyletic because C.hekouensis is the sister to the rest of Camellia species. The systematic position of C.longissima and the relationship between sect.Longissima and sect.Longipedicellata are unsolved.

Key words: Camellia

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