Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (06): 856-860.doi: 10.7677/ynzwyj201515056

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The Exploitation and Utilization of Lycophyte and Fern Resources in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan

 SU  Bo-1、2, CHANG  Yan-Fen-1   

  1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China;
    2 College of Agriculture and Forestry, Puer University, Puer, Yunnan 665000, China
  • Received:2015-03-27 Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-04-21
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金 (31500171)

Abstract:

Xishuangbanna lies in the south of Yunnan. The composition and distributive regulation of lycophytes and ferns in Xishuangbanna are studied in this paper. As a result, 363 species of wild lycophytes and ferns which belong to 76 genera and 31 families are found in this area. The six speciesrich families are Polypodiaceae, Athyriaceae, Thelypteridaceae, Aspleniaceae, Pteridaceae and Selaginellaceae. The geographical distribution of the species shows that this flora mainly consists of Tropical Asia elements. Terrestrial species are the richest of this flora, followed by epiphytic and lithophytic species. The lycophytes and ferns resources of Xishuangbanna are abundant. However, the exploitation and utilization of this group of plants are ignored. This study investigated lycophytes and ferns resources of Xishuangbanna. Medicinal, edible and ornamental ferns in Xishuangbanna have been clearly researched and their utilization and protection have been discussed.

Key words: Lycophytes and ferns resources, Exploitation and utilization, Xishuangbanna

CLC Number: 

  • Q 948