Plant Diversity ›› 2007, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (02): 223-230.

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Cloning and Functional Analysis of a Multiple Stress-inducible LeMTshsp Promoter from Tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum)

YI Shu-Ying , SUN Ai-Qing, ZHAO Chun-Mei , LIU Jian   

  1. College of Life Sciences , Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014 , China
  • Received:2006-05-15 Online:2007-04-25 Published:2007-04-25
  • Contact: LIU Jian

Abstract: Based on the Southern blot analysis results, the KpnⅠ and EcoRⅠ restriction enzymes were selected to digest the genomic DNA of a cultivar of tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum Mill . CV . zhongshu 4) . The 3 kb bands of the digested genomic DNA were inserted into the pBSⅡKS ( + ) vector . As a result , a plasmid library was generated containing about 2 kb of the 5′-flanking sequence of the mitochondria-localized small heat shock protein gene ( LeMTshsp) . A 1915 bp of the 5′-flanking region of LeMTshsp was isolated from the plasmid library by nested PCR ( GenBank accession number
AB239774) . The 5′-flanking region of LeMTshsp contains putative TATA box , CAAT box , a total of six HSEs and several AT-rich regions . Additionally , there are some transcription factor binding motifs related to stress response , such as ABAresponsive element [ABRE] , C-repeat— DRE and activating protein binding sites [AP-1 ] . Electrophoresis mobility shift assay (EMSA) showed that the purified HsfA2 protein bound specifically to HSEs of the LeMTshsp promoter in vitro , and bound strongly to the proximal five HSEs than to the distal HSE . The fusion construction of LeMTshsp promoter- gus (β glucuronidase) was introduced into tomato using an Agrobacterium -mediated transformation . The resistant transgenic plants were selected on the MS medium containing 50mg􊄯L kanamicin . PCR analysis showed that the chimeric gus gene was integrated into the tomato genome . By using the gus reporter gene system, the LeMTshsp promoter dynamics was explored under
stress conditions . After heat , cold , exogenous ABA and heavy metal (Cd2+ , Cu2 + , Pb2 + or Zn2 + ) treatments, GUS staining was detected in the leaves and roots of transgenic tomato plants . The activity of the LeMTshsp promoter under heat shock conditions was comparable to that of the constitutive CaMV35S promoter . All these results show that the LeMTshsppromoter is a promoter responding to heat, cold , exogenous ABA and heavy metals.

Key words: Tomato