Plant Diversity ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (01): 99-108.

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A Preliminary Study of Traditional, Wild Medicinal, Edible Plants in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China

 GU  Wei-1、2, YANG  Jun-1, YANG  Fu-Mei-3, SUN  Qian-Yun-3, WANG  Yue-Hu-1, LONG  Chun-Lin-1、4   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming
    650201, China; 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3 Drug Screening Lab, The Key Laboratory
    of Chemistry for Natural Products of Guizhou Province and Chinese Academy of Science, Guiyang 550002, China;
    4 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081, China
  • Online:2014-01-25 Published:2014-12-01


 An ethnobotanical study was conducted through interview and field work during 20103-20117 to determine the wild medicinefood plants used by the local people of Xishuangbanna, southwest Yunnan, China. All information provided on the uses of medicinefood plants by local communities was documented. In addition, the disk diffusion method was used to test the antibacterial activities of some plants. A total of 95 plant species belonging to 43 families were reported as medicinefood plants, with Solanaceae (6 species) and Lamiaceae (6 species) being the most represented families. Most plants used were herbs (495%), of which 20 were screened for antibacterial activities. Baphicacanthus cusia and Solanum spirale showed moderate antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus. Our interviews revealed that in the study area wild plants are still commonly used for food and medicinal purposes by people in their daily lives. However, there is a gradual loss of traditional knowledge about these plants due to a decline in intergenerational transmission of knowledge. Loss of this precious knowledge is a major concern.

Key words: Xishuangbanna, Medicine-food plants, Traditional knowledge, Antibacterial activitiy

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