Plant Diversity ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (06): 434-442.DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2020.09.008

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Folk nomenclature of plants in Cistanche deserticola-associated community in South Gobi, Mongolia

Urtnasan Mandakha,b,c, Munkhjargal Battserend, Danzanchadav Ganbatc,e, Turuutuvshin Ayangac, Zolzaya Adiyac,f, Almaz Borjigidaib,g, Chunlin Longa,b   

  1. a College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing, 100081, China;
    b Key Laboratory of Ethnomedicine (Minzu University of China), Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100081, China;
    c Institute of Geography and Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, 15170, Mongolia;
    d Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, 210351, Mongolia;
    e College of Geographical Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Hohhot, 010022, China;
    f Department of Geography, School of Arts and Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 14201, Mongolia;
    g School of Pharmacy, Minzu University of China, Beijing, 100081, China
  • Received:2020-03-20 Revised:2020-08-20 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-03-03
  • Contact: Chunlin Long, Almaz Borjigidai
  • Supported by:
    This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31761143001, 31870316), the Natural Science Foundation of Beijing (7202109), Minzu University of China (KLEMZZ201904, KLEM-ZZ201906, YLDXXK201819), the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China (2019HB2096001006), Jiansheng Fresh Herb Medicine R & D Foundation (JSYY-20190101-043), and the Ministry of Education of China (B08044). Colleagues and Dr. Bayartungalag from the institute of Geography and Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences provided assistances in the field surveys. Yingjie Song at Minzu University of China provided useful comments. We are grateful to all of them.

Abstract: Cistanche deserticola is an important medicinal plant in Mongolia. Despite its significant role in local healing systems, little traditional knowledge had been reported. The present study investigated folk names of C. deserticola and other species of the same community in Umnugobi Province, South Gobi region of Mongolia, based on ethnobotanical approaches. The high correspondence between folk names and scientific names of plant species occurring in Cistanche-associated community shows the scientific meaning of folk nomenclature and classification in Mongolia. The Mongolian and folk names of plants were formed on the basis of observations and understanding of wild plants including their morphology, phenology and traditional uses as well. Results from this study will support the conservation of C. deserticola itself, a rare and endangered plant species listed in the Monglian Red Data Book. Our documentation of folk nomenclature based on 96 plant species in the Cistanche community, as a part of traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity, will be very helpful for making strategy of plant biodiversity conservation in Mongolia.

Key words: Cistanche deserticola, Plant community, Ethnobotany, Folk nomenclature, Conservation strategy, South gobi of Mongolia