Plant Diversity ›› 2010, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (S17): 19-45.

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Review of Leafy Spurge, Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae), the Most Aggressive Invasive Alien in North America

MA JinShuang   

  1. Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602, China
  • Online:2010-12-25 Published:2011-01-28


Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L., s. lato.) native to Eurasia is one of the most notorious invasive plant in North America. In order to fully understand the current situation well, details of taxonomy, biology, physiology, invasion, damage and loss, as well as various controls of leafy spurge have been reviewed here, and concise prospects and summary are also discussed, with more than 200 references cited as well.

Key words: Euphorbia esula, Invasive Plant, North America, Review