Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 214-220.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201514083

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Traditional Use Culture of Ficus carica among Uyghurs in Atux, Xinjiang

 Aysajan ABDUSALAM1, YANG  Pei-1,  Mametjan TURSUN2, Amangul EMANHASAN2, Ahunjan OSMAN3, YANG  Da-Rong-1   

  1. 1 Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China; 2 College of
    Forestry and Horticulture, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China; 3 Atux Forestry Bureau
    of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Atux, Xingjiang 845100, China
  • Received:2014-05-28 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2014-08-11
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金 (科普基金) (31120002)


Ficus carica, one of the earliest cultivated fruit trees, was introduced into China more than 2000 years ago and is cultivated until present time. Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is the earliest and largest area with Fcarica plantations, Atux being the main production area. To protect and further propagate traditional use of Fcarica by minorities, and to identify the cultivated varieties in Atux, we collected fruits and leaves of Fcarica, interviewed Uygur ethnic people and recorded traditional utilization. Our analyses were based on ethnobotany and phytotaxonomy methods. Results showed that there are five cultivated varieties in Atux town, described here as early maturing type, yellowish type, small ball type, ovalyellowish type and late maturing type. Fcarica and other plants are used by Uygur ethnic people in Atux to effectively and safely treat some diseases. Moreover, Fcarica in used as an ornamental tree in landscaping. Studies on traditional utilization of Fcarica in Atux area will deepen our knowlegde about plant resources use and development and will also stimulate research on traditional plant use among Uygur ethnic people.

Key words: Ficus carica, Atux, Uygur ethnic people, Traditional culture, Utilization

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