Plant Diversity ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 195-201.doi: 10.7677/ynzwyj201312147

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Traditional Management and Utilization of Glutinous Rice Genetic Resources in Southeast Guizhou

LEI  Qi-Yi-1、2、3, ZHANG  Wen-Hua-1、3, SUN  Jun-1、3, YANG  Min-Xian-1, ZHOU  Jiang-Ju-1、2、3   

  1. 1 College of Environmental and Life Sciences, Kaili University, Kaili 556000, China; 2 Institute of Ethnic Traditional Culture
    and Biological Diversity, Kaili 556000, China; 3 Aboriginal Ethnic Culture Study Center, Kaili 556000, China
  • Received:2012-11-06 Online:2013-03-25 Published:2012-12-12

Abstract:

Southeast Guizhou, inhabited by the Miao, Dong, Buyi, Shui, Yao, Zhuang, Tujia, Gejia and Han Chinese, is famous for its complicated biophysical environments. The region is very rich not only in biological diversity, but also in traditional cultural diversity. In the present paper, we studied the relationship betwen traditional culture in Southeast Guizhou and the management & utilization of local glutinous rice genetic resources. Although Southeast Guizhou had undergone three great improvements from “Glutinous Rice to Nonglutinous Rice”, various glutinous rice landraces still exist in the region. A total number of 243 glutinous rice genetic resources specimens were collected in the research, among them 19 specimens are marked difference in morophological characteristics.And, besides that this kind of rice adapt to the complex and changeful environment easily, the main reason is that the national traditional cultural has countless contacts with the management and utilization diversity of the aromatic glutinous rice species, which is the determining factor of the species diversity of glutinous rice can be well preserved in southeast of Guizhou. The different ethnic groups of Southeast of Guizhou not only created colorful ethnic traditional culture, but also made contribution to the protection and utilization of ecological agriculture, culture and species diversity. In addtition, we further validates that the positive significance of the influence of diversity of national traditional culture on the protection and utilization of biodiversity.

Key words: Traditional culture, Glutinous rice, Biodiversity, Ethnic minorities, Southeast Guizhou

CLC Number: 

  • Q 948.1