Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (05): 513-521.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201515011

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Patterns of Floral Variation between Dimorphic and Monomorphic Populations in Distylous Luculia pinceana (Rubiaceae)

 ZHOU  Wei-1、2, LI  De-Zhu-1、2, WANG  Hong-1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory for Plant Biodiversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese
    Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China; 2 Germplasm Bank of Wild Species in Southwest China,
    Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
  • Received:2015-01-22 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-03-25
  • Supported by:

    The National Key Basic Research Program of China (2014CB954100), the Key Research Program of the Chinese Academic of Sciences (KJZDEWL07), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31200289, 31570384, 31320103919), and the Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan Province (2012FB182)


Flower morphology plays an important role in the evolution and maintenance of plant mating systems, including disassortative mating of heterostylous species. The transition of mating patterns may be associated with the remodification of intraspecific flower morphology. To determine the functional relationship between floral variation and transition of mating patterns, we conducted a series of morphometric analyses in a distylous species Luculia pinceana, which possesses dimorphic and monomorphic populations. Our results indicate that floral variation was higher between different types of populations than between populations of the same type. Compared to dimorphic populations, some floral characters, reduced stigmaanther separation within flowers and increased overlap of stigmas and anthers (illegitimate spatial matching of sexual organs) among individuals in populations containing only the longstyled morph may have been modified to increase both selfing and intramorph crossing. The observed patterns of floral variation between dimorphic and monomorphic populations coincide with the transition of mating patterns from disassortative mating to selfing and/or intramorph crossing.

Key words: Luculia pinceana, Distyly, Floral morphological variation, Dimorphic, Monomorphic

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