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Plant Diversity ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 81-88.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201312057

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇


 李恒1、3, 普建新2, 李捷1   

  1. 1 中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园 植物系统发育与保护生物学实验室,云南 昆明650223;2 中国科学院昆明植物研究所
    植物化学与西部植物资源持续利用国家重点实验室,云南 昆明650201;3 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-26 出版日期:2013-01-25 发布日期:2012-05-21

Diterpenoids Chemodiversity of the Genus Isodon Spach from Lamiaceae

 LI  Heng-1、3, PU  Jian-Xin-2, LI  Jie-1   

  1. 1 Laboratory of Plant Phylogenetics and Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of
    Sciences, Kunming 650223, China; 2 State Key Laboratory of Phytochemistry and Plant Resource in West China,
    Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China;
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijiing 100049, China
  • Received:2012-04-26 Online:2013-01-25 Published:2012-05-21


香茶菜属(Isodon)由于富含二萜类化合物(Diterpenoids)而具有较高的药用价值,本研究根据其所含二萜的骨架和氧化状态,对该类化合物在香茶菜属植物中的分布规律进行研究。UPGMA聚类分析结果显示:含二环和三环二萜为主的植物种类聚在一支上,含四环二萜为主的植物种类聚在另一支上。进一步将二萜分为二环、三环、四环三大类绘制到分子系统树上结果显示:三环二萜主要分布在较原始的类群中,如:线纹香茶菜(I.lophanthoides)和小花线纹香茶菜(I.lophanthoides var. micranthus);而四环二萜主要分布在较进化的类群中,如:旱生香茶菜(I.xerophilus)和腺花香茶菜(I.adenanthus)。本研究通过对二萜类化合物与香茶菜属系统发育之间存在的联系进行探讨,有助于对香茶菜属植物中的二萜类化合物活性成分进行筛选与研发。

关键词: 香茶菜属, 二萜, 分布规律, 系统发育


The species of the genus Isodon from Lamiaceae are often rich in diterpenoids with high medicinal value. According to its frame and oxidation level, the chemodiversity of diterpenoid compounds in genus Isodon was investigated in present study. UPGMA analysis showed that Isodon can be divided into two groups: one is the species producing diterpenoids with two or three ring skeletons, the other is producing diterpenoids with four ring skeleton. When the compounds were mapped on the molecular phylogenetic tree, we found that the species producing three cyclic diterpenoids are much older, such as I.lophanthoides and I.lophanthoides var. micranthus, while those producing four cyclic diterpenoids are younger, such as I.adenanthus and I.xerophilus. These results will contribute to finding and exploiting the active ingredients of dierpenoids from the genus Isodon.

Key words: Isodon, Diterpenoids, Chemodiversity, Phylogeny