Plant Diversity ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (05): 481-491.DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2021.08.001

• Research paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

SSR markers development and their application in genetic diversity evaluation of garlic (Allium sativum) germplasm

Xiaxia Li, Lijun Qiao, Birong Chen, Yujie Zheng, Chengchen Zhi, Siyu Zhang, Yupeng Pan, Zhihui Cheng   

  1. College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi Province, China
  • Received:2021-03-23 Revised:2021-07-26 Online:2022-09-25 Published:2022-10-14
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the Education Development Fund of Northwest A&F University (2017) to Z.Cheng and the Chinese Universities Scientific Fund (2452019017) to Y.Pan.

Abstract: Garlic (Allium sativum), an asexually propagated vegetable and medicinal crop, has abundant genetic variation. Genetic diversity evaluation based on molecular markers has apparent advantages since their genomic abundance, environment insensitivity, and non-tissue specific features. However, the limited number of available DNA markers, especially SSR markers, are insufficient to conduct related genetic diversity assessment studies in garlic. In this study, 4372 EST-SSR markers were newly developed, and 12 polymorphic markers together with other 17 garlic SSR markers were used to assess the genetic diversity and population structure of 127 garlic accessions. The averaged polymorphism information content (PIC) of these 29 SSR markers was 0.36, ranging from 0.22 to 0.49. Seventy-nine polymorphic loci were detected among these accessions, with an average of 3.48 polymorphic loci per SSR. Both the clustering analyses based on either the genotype data of SSR markers or the phenotypic data of morphological traits obtained genetic distance divided the 127 garlic accessions into three clusters. Moreover, the Mantel test showed that genetic distance had no significant correlations with geographic distance, and weak correlations were found between genetic distance and the phenotypic traits. AMOVA analysis showed that the main genetic variation of this garlic germplasm collection existed in the within-population or cluster. Results of this study will be of great value for the genetic/breeding studies in garlic and enhance the utilization of these garlic germplasms.

Key words: Garlic, SSR markers, Genetic diversity, Population structure