Plant Diversity ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 202-208.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201312129

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Mongolian Traditional Sustainable Utilization Knowledge of Poisonous Ligneous Plants in the Ordos Grassland, China

 MAN  Liang-1、2   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China; 2 College of Life Sciences
    and Technology, Inner Mongolia Normal University, Huhhot 010022, China
  • Received:2012-10-24 Online:2013-03-25 Published:2012-12-10


 Traditional culture that the effective and sustainable utilization of poisonous plants is one characteristics of Mongolian ecological culture. Applying the methods like ethnoecology, plant taxonomy and cultural anthropology to analyze how Mongolian utilizes poisonous ligneous plants, and discussing about active effects of Mongolian traditional culture of utilizing poisonous plants on biodiversity conservation to grassland ecosystem in the Ordos plateau. The research to plant taxonomy and cultural anthropology found that those poisonous plants, such as Caryopteris mongholica, Ephedra sinica, Juniperus sabina, Oxytropis aciphylla and Prunus mongolica, can be used detoxification culture, eating culture, beauty culture and curing skin diseases. Therein, Ephedra sinica plays an important role on Mongolian nomadic economy and culture. Ordos Mongolian traditional culture of utilizing poisonous plants is distinguished from others’ which are in other areas on Mongolian Plateau and reflects unique regional cultural character. Mongolian traditional managing culture of utilizing plants ground parts, which can diminish, even avoid desertification. Also it is consistent with ecological law and is one of elements which can ensure stable and sustainable development and biodiversity conservation of the Ordos grassland ecosystem.

Key words: Poisonous ligneous plants, Detoxification culture using poisonous plants, Eating culture, Beauty culture, Curing skin diseases, Mongolian traditional knowledge, Ordos grassland

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