Plant Diversity ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (06): 871-880.DOI: 10.7677/ynzwyj201515048

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Genetic Diversity of Global Aromatic Rice Varieties

 YU  Ya-Ying-1, SHAO  Gao-Neng-1, SHENG  Zhong-Hua-1, JIANG  Han-Wei-2, HE  Ji-Wai-1, SUN  Yuan-Yuan-2, CA  Yi-Cong-1, HU  Pei-Song-1**, TANG  Shao-Qing-1   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Key Laboratory of Rice Biology and Breeding of Ministry of Agriculture, China National
    Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, China; 2 Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310006, China
  • Received:2015-03-19 Online:2015-11-25 Published:2015-05-12
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金国际合作项目 (31161140348),浙江自然科学基金 (LY14C130011)


Genetic diversity of 434 rice accessions collected from 16 countries, including 345 fragrance rice varieties and 89 nonfragrance rice varieties, have been analyzed. A total of 573 alleles were detected by using 77 simple sequence repeats (SSR) primer pairs covering all rice 12 chromosomes. The value of allelic polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0090 to 0845, with an average of 0516 per locus; Gene diversity (GD) varied from 0091 to 0859, with an average of 0573; The mean value of major allele frequencies (MAF) was 0540, covering from 0251 to 0953. In addition, 434 rice accessions are divided into three subpopulations by cluster and population structure analysis, and FST between subpopulations showed a mean of -0116, ranging from -0623 to 0494; The score of genetic distance calculated by Nei′s method appeared from 0207 to 0355. Major allele frequencies within each subpopulation distributed from 0408 to 0746, and gene diversity level from 0354 to 0699, while PIC from 0320 to 0658. Sequencing 6 mitochondrion genes in 18 rice varieties exhibited no different in 5 genes, whereas Mit4 contains a 3 SNPs in the gene body, which acts as an important marker to understanding the relationship between Indica/Japonica differentiation and the evolution of fragrant gene. Finally, genetic diversity and mitochondrion gene sequencing would help to know about the origin of fragrant resource and benefit rice breeding.

Key words: Aromatic rice, SSR markers, Genetic diversity, Cluster analysis

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