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Plant Diversity ›› 2012, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 525-531.doi: 10.3724SP.J.1143.2012.12135

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新一代植物志:iFlora

李德铢1、2, 王雨华3、4, 伊廷双2   

  1. 1 中国科学院昆明植物研究所生物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室,云南 昆明650201;2 中国科学院昆明植物研究所
    中国西南野生生物种质资源库,云南 昆明650201;3 中国科学院昆明植物研究所科技信息中心,云南 昆明650201;
    4 中国科学院昆明植物研究所资源植物与生物技术重点实验室,云南 昆明650201
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-05 出版日期:2012-12-25 发布日期:2012-11-09
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技部科技基础工作专项项目;国家高科技研究发展计划 (863计划) (2012AA021801);中国科学院大科学装置开放研究项目 (2009-LSFGBOWS-01)

The Next-Generation Flora iFlora

 LI  De-Zhu-1、2, WANG  Yu-Hua-3、4, YI  Ting-Shuang-2   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biogeography, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming
    650201, China; 2 Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
    Kunming 650201, China; 3 Science and Technology Information Center, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese
    Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201,China; 4 Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology,
    Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
  • Received:2012-11-05 Online:2012-12-25 Published:2012-11-09

摘要:

进入21世纪,随着分子生物学及计算机信息等技术的快速发展,人们认知自然的手段和方式发生了根本性的变化。在现有电子植物志(eFlora)的基础上,融入新一代测序技术、DNA条形码数据、地理信息数据和计算机信息技术等新元素的新一代植物志(iFlora)应运而生。iFlora是通过系列关键技术的集成和攻关,构建便捷、准确识别植物和掌握相关数字化信息的新一代植物志(或智能装备),它将极大地促进植物分类学和系统发育、演化生物学、生态学、生物地理学和保护生物学等相关学科的发展,有效地服务于生物多样性保护和生物资源可持续利用、国家生态安全和社会公共教育等,并进一步提升公众对生物多样性的认识。iFlora的实施,将为培育和拓展物种识别圈(taxasphere)和生物文化圈(bioliterate world)做出应有的贡献,并可能成为引领国际植物学发展新的生长点。

关键词: 新一代植物志, DNA条形码, 计算机信息技术, 生物多样性信息数据库

Abstract:

 The 21st century has witnessed a rapid development in technologies of molecular biology and computer informatics. Fundamental changes have taken place in means and methods in which humans take cognition of the world. Based on the currently available eFlora and combining this with elements of nextgeneration sequencing techniques, DNA sequence data, geographical information system data and computer information technology, the next-generation Flora (iFlora) is bursting. Through a series of key technological innovations and integrations, the main objective of iFlora is to construct the next-generation Flora, which will fulfill the function of accurately and rapidly identifying species and acquiring speciesrelated digital information. iFlora will greatly advance the development of plant taxonomy, phylogenetics, evolutionary biology, ecology, biogeography, conservation biology and other related disciplines. Furthermore, iFlora will be a valuable tool for biodiversity conservation and sustainable utilization of biological resources, ecological security, public education and services, and will profoundly promote public understanding of biodiversity. The application of iFlora will tremendously nurture and boost the taxasphere and bioliterate world, and will be a new focal point that may reshape modern botany at the global and regional levels.

Key words:  DNA barcoding, Computer information technology, Biodiversity information database

中图分类号: 

  • Q 948.2